紫陶具体的图案塑造形式上,分为线雕、浮雕、堆雕。

近年来雕刻这种装饰形式越来越多地出现在建水紫陶上,受到很大一部分陶友的喜爱。但很多陶友可能并不清楚,雕刻也是分为若干类型的。了解清楚雕刻的类型,可以帮助大家在选购紫陶时挑中更好的作品。

In recent years, carving is more and more popular in Jianshui purple pottery, which is loved by a large number of pottery friends. However, many Taoists may not be clear about it. Sculpture is also divided into several types. Understanding the type of carving can help you to choose a better work when choosing purple pottery.

目前紫陶上的雕刻类型主要有以下五个类型:

At present, there are five types of carving on Purple pottery

从雕刻的方法上,分为阴刻与阳刻两种。

From the carving method, it can be divided into two kinds: Yin carving and Yang carving.

阴刻是将笔画显示平面物体之下的立体线条刻出。通俗点说,就是把笔画刻成凹槽。刻填装饰中常用的就是阴刻,所以叫做“阴刻阳填”,在雕刻装饰时,也会常用到阴刻的方法。

Intaglio is to show the strokes under the plane object three-dimensional lines carved out. Generally speaking, it is to carve the strokes into grooves. Engraving decoration is commonly used is Yin carving, so it is called “Yin engraving Yang filling”. In carving decoration, Yin carving method is also commonly used.

阳刻是凸起形状,是将笔画显示平面物体之上的立体线条刻出。也就是刻掉笔画周围的部分,将笔画凸显出来。

Lithography is a convex shape, which carves out three-dimensional lines on a plane object. That is to cut out the parts around the strokes and highlight the strokes.

阴刻和阳刻在印章里就很常见,大家熟悉的印章,有的笔画为红色、有的显示为空白色,就是采用的雕刻方法不同。

Intaglio and intaglio are very common in seals. For familiar seals, some strokes are red and some are empty white, which means the carving methods are different.

在具体的图案塑造形式上,分为线雕、浮雕、堆雕。

In the specific pattern shaping form, it can be divided into line carving, relief carving and heap carving.

线雕不做大面积雕刻,主要通过线条去构造画面,类似于线条画。一般也很少提前打底稿,雕刻匠人手拿刻刀,直接在坯体上勾勒出图案。

Line carving does not do large-scale carving, mainly through lines to construct the picture, similar to line painting. Generally, it is rare to make a preliminary draft in advance. The sculptor holds a carving knife and outlines the pattern directly on the green body.

浮雕以陶坯为载体构造画面,一般不会额外补泥。对工具要求细,对艺人雕刻和艺术水平都有一定的要求。浮雕一般会提前构图,打底稿,实际雕刻时还会根据图案效果去调整。技艺高超的艺人才能做出好的浮雕。

The relief is based on the ceramic body, which is usually not supplemented with mud. It requires fine tools, and has certain requirements for artists’ carving and artistic level. Generally, the relief will be composed in advance and the final draft will be made, and the actual carving will be adjusted according to the pattern effect. Only skilled artists can make good relief.

堆雕是在浮雕的基础上做出更强的立体感和视觉效果。坯体厚度不够,就会在某些部位补泥,增加坯体厚度,再在补泥之上进行雕刻装饰。一些复杂的山水、建筑、动物图案,会采用堆雕手法。

Heap carving is based on relief to make a stronger sense of three-dimensional and visual effects. If the thickness of the green body is not enough, the mud will be added to some parts, and the thickness of the body will be increased, and then the carving decoration will be carried out on the clay filling. Some complex landscape, architecture, animal patterns, will use heap carving techniques.

从装饰难度和耗费时间来说,浮雕和堆雕都远远大于线雕。当然,也不能就此说线雕就一定比另外两种差,大家在选择的时候,还是以最终呈现的效果为准。

In terms of decoration difficulty and time consumption, relief and heap carving are far greater than line carving. Of course, we can’t say that line carving must be worse than the other two. When we choose, we still take the final effect as the criterion.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 紫陶具体的图案塑造形式上,分为线雕、浮雕、堆雕。

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