建水紫陶坏了有哪些修复方法?紫陶壶的制作工序?多长时间完成?

问题一:白陶泥的烧制温度与红陶泥一样吗?

Question 1: is the firing temperature of white clay the same as that of red clay?

答:配制好的建水紫陶原料目前主要有两种:由五彩泥配制的红陶泥、由白土与灰土配制的白陶泥。

A: at present, there are two kinds of raw materials for Jianshui purple pottery: red clay prepared by colorful mud and white clay prepared by lime soil.

紫陶的烧结温度并不是一个固定且精确的数字,而是一个温度范围,绝大多数在1100℃~1180℃可以烧结完成。

The sintering temperature of purple pottery is not a fixed and accurate number, but a temperature range, most of which can be sintered at 1100 ℃ ~ 1180 ℃.

但由于泥性有所不同,白陶泥和红陶泥耐高温性也略有不同。通常,白陶泥比红陶泥耐高温性更强,在烧制时,损坏风险也相对较小一点。

However, due to different clay properties, the high temperature resistance of white clay and red clay is slightly different. Generally, white clay is more resistant to high temperature than red clay, and the risk of damage is relatively small when burning.

问题二:建水紫陶坏了有哪些修复方法?

Question 2: what repair methods are there when Jianshui purple pottery is broken?

答:建水紫陶作品在实际使用中,经常会不小心碰坏。轻一点缺口,严重一点碎成若干块。

A: in the actual use of Jianshui purple pottery works, it is often accidentally damaged. A little bit lighter, a little more serious, broken into pieces.

目前常用的有两种方法去修复,一是锔补,主要针对碎成若干块的;二是金缮,对于碎裂和缺口都适用。

At present, there are two commonly used methods to repair, one is curium repair, mainly for the broken into several pieces; the other is gold repair, which is applicable to both fragmentation and gap.

值得一说的是,技艺高超的陶瓷修复师往往可以为一件破碎损坏的作品带来新生,甚至赋予原作品没有的艺术魅力。

It is worth mentioning that the highly skilled ceramic repairer can bring new life to a broken and damaged work, even give the original works no artistic charm.

问题三:紫陶壶具体的制作工序是什么?多长时间完成?

Question 3: what is the specific production process of purple pottery pot? How long will it take?

答:使用已经炼制好的现成泥料来制作,工序如下:拉坯塑型、粗修坯、字画装饰、刻花、填泥、精修坯(配壶盖)、粘接壶嘴壶把、精细打理、摆放晾干、入窑烧制、无釉磨光、挑选分拣。

Answer: using the ready-made clay which has been refined, the process is as follows: casting molding, rough trimming, calligraphy and painting decoration, engraving, mud filling, finishing (with pot cover), bonding spout and handle, fine care, placing and drying, firing in kiln, glandless polishing, selection and sorting.

这是一个连续的过程,但并不是一天接一天不停制作,其中部分工序制作完成后,需要将陶坯摆放晾置到合适的干湿度,再进行下一道工序。

This is a continuous process, but it is not a day after day production. After the completion of some processes, the ceramic tiles need to be placed in the air to a suitable dry humidity before the next process.

以上工序大多属于概括性的,每一道之下还细分若干小工序,如填泥工序中包含色泥制作、摊泥、压泥、削刮;粘接工序中包含钻出水孔、搓壶把、掏壶嘴、校正、补泥等等。

Most of the above processes are general, and there are several small processes under each process, such as mud filling process including color mud production, mud spreading, mud pressing and scraping; the bonding process includes drilling water holes, rubbing the handle, pulling out the spout, correcting, adding mud, etc.

正常走完以上工序,制作一批紫陶壶目前所需时间大多30天以上,季节不同,时间也会不同。

Normally, it takes more than 30 days to make a batch of purple pottery pots, and the time varies with the seasons.

还要说明的是,这是用已经炼制好的泥料制作所需的时间,如果从泥料采集、配制、陈腐算起,时间会更长.

It should also be noted that this is the time required for the production of the refined mud. If the time is calculated from the collection, preparation and aging of the mud, the time will be longer。

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