建水紫陶为什么能够磨成亮光的效果?为什么字画没有被磨掉?

1、建水紫陶为什么能够磨成亮光的效果?

1. Why can Jianshui purple pottery be ground into a luminous effect?

最主要的原因就是泥料,建水紫陶泥料通常在200目以上,更高的甚至达到380目,非常细腻,我们常形容说细腻如膏脂。正是因为建水紫陶泥料的这个特性,因此可以在粗细程度不同的打磨材料作用下,磨出光亮度不同的效果。

The main reason is the clay. The clay of Jianshui purple pottery is usually more than 200 mesh, and even 380 mesh higher. It is very delicate. We often describe it as delicate as cream. It is because of this characteristic that Jianshui purple pottery clay can produce different brightness effects under the action of different grinding materials.

2、打磨后的紫陶为什么字画没有被磨掉?

2. Why didn’t the polished purple pottery be polished?

这是非常重要的一个问题,值得多说几句,这很可能是“阴刻阳填”工艺产生的重要原因。

This is a very important problem. It is worth saying a few more words. This is probably an important reason for the production of “Yin engraved and Yang filled”.

建水紫陶是文人陶,素坯只有装饰文人的书画,才有自己的个性,也才有不同的文化韵味。

Jianshui purple pottery is a kind of literati pottery. Only by decorating literati’s calligraphy and painting, can it have its own personality and cultural charm.

不管是传统的柴窑还是现代的气窑、电窑,建水紫陶在经过高温烧制后,表面都会形成一层火皮,这是泥料的性质所决定。这层火皮就很有可能将文人书画遮盖掉。当匠人们发现这个问题后,很自然就想到将火皮磨掉,让书画显示出来。

Whether it is a traditional wood kiln or a modern gas kiln or an electric kiln, the surface of Jianshui purple pottery will form a layer of fire skin after being fired at high temperature, which is determined by the nature of the mud. This layer of fire is likely to cover the literati painting and calligraphy. When the craftsmen found out this problem, they naturally thought of grinding off the fire skin to let the painting and calligraphy show.

但另一个问题又产生了,书画只是用笔装饰在表面,磨火皮的同时,字画也被磨掉了。那么有没有一种方法:既能将被遮盖的书画磨出来,又不会磨掉画面呢?“阴刻阳填”就是这样一种方法。

However, another problem arises again. Calligraphy and painting are only decorated on the surface with a pen, and the calligraphy and painting are also worn away at the same time. So is there a way: can be covered by the painting and calligraphy grinding out, but will not wear out the picture? “Yin carve Yang fill” is such a method.

当然这只是我的一个推测,但我想说,建水紫陶会随时间而发展和完善,它的每一道工艺组成一个完整而独特的陶文化,并在时间的长河中不断丰富自己,就像我们现在常见的复色彩填、绞泥彩填,在一百多年前是没有的。

Of course, this is just my speculation, but I would like to say that Jianshui purple pottery will develop and improve with time. Each craft of Jianshui purple pottery forms a complete and unique ceramic culture, and constantly enriches itself in the long river of time. Just like the common multi-color filling and ground mud color filling, which were not available more than 100 years ago.

3、磨亮光过程中容易出现的问题是什么?

3. What are the problems in the process of polishing?

一是容易在器物表面留下一些擦丝痕迹,湿毛巾蘸金刚砂,借助拉坯转轮的高速旋转,耗费许多时间才能磨出如镜面一样的效果,一些擦丝痕迹往往不可避免。

First, it is easy to leave some trace of wiping silk on the surface of utensils. Wet towel dipped in emery, with the help of high-speed rotation of casting wheel, takes a lot of time to grind out the effect like mirror surface, and some trace of wiping silk is often inevitable.

二是某些复色彩填、画面极为繁复细微的作品,因为刻填很浅,因此在打磨成亮光时,容易将那些较浅的线条磨掉,损坏画面。

Second, some complex color filling, the picture is very complex and subtle works, because the filling is very shallow, so when grinding into bright light, it is easy to wear off those shallow lines and damage the picture.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 建水紫陶为什么能够磨成亮光的效果?为什么字画没有被磨掉?

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