建水紫陶基础知识

1、建水紫陶原料是什么性质?

1. What is the nature of Jianshui purple pottery?

建水紫陶原料属于泥质,并不像紫砂原料那样含有石英砂等明显的砂质。经过高目数的滤网过滤后,紫陶原料十分细腻,不含砂或含砂量极少。

The raw material of Jianshui purple pottery is argillaceous, which does not contain obvious sand such as quartz sand as purple sand. After filtration by high mesh filter, the raw material of purple pottery is very fine, without sand or with little sand content.

2、我们常说的五彩泥是哪五种?

2. What are the five kinds of multicolored mud we often talk about?

五彩泥是紫土、黄土、白土、灰土、五色土(彩土)。『五色土』是多种颜色泥土的一个结合体,颜色不止五种,为了好区分和介绍,取名五色土,实际是一种彩土。五种不同的土都是从山里挖出来的最原始状态。

The five colored mud is purple soil, loess, white soil, ash soil and five color soil (colored soil). “Five color soil” is a combination of various colors of soil, with more than five colors. In order to distinguish and introduce, it is named wuchromatic soil, which is actually a kind of color soil. Five different soils are the most primitive state excavated from the mountains.

3、为什么平时看到制作紫陶的原料颜色只有两种?

3. Why usually see the raw material color of making purple pottery only two kinds?

这是因为我们平时看到的紫陶泥料都是经过炼制的,只有将原始的五彩泥按照一定的比例进行拼配炼制,才能用于制作紫陶。红陶泥由紫土、黄土、白土、灰土、五色土(彩土)按照一定的比例炼制而成;白陶泥由白土和灰土拼配炼制而成。

This is because the purple clay we usually see is refined. Only when the original multicolored clay is mixed and refined according to a certain proportion, can it be used to make purple pottery. Red clay is made of purple soil, loess, clay, lime soil and colored soil (colored soil) in a certain proportion; white clay is made by mixing clay and lime.

4、练制紫陶原料有哪些工艺流程?

4. What are the technological processes for processing purple pottery?

建水紫陶泥料的炼制工艺有八道:取料、醒料、选料、配料、碎料、淘洗滤浆、滤泥、醒泥。具体炼制过程可以点击查看这篇文章:取料、醒料、配料、淘洗滤浆……紫陶制泥竟多达八个步骤

There are eight refining processes of Jianshui purple pottery clay: reclaiming, awakening, selecting, batching, crushing, washing and filtering, filtering mud and awakening mud. For the specific refining process, you can click to view this article: taking materials, awakening materials, ingredients, washing and filtering slurry… Purple pottery mud has as many as eight steps

5、建水紫陶泥料中含有哪些元素?

5. What elements are contained in Jianshui purple pottery clay?

炼制好的紫陶泥料,含有以下元素:三氧化二铁(Fe₂O₃)12.26%,硅(SiO₂)59.3%,铝(Al₂O₃)17.45%,其他镁(MgO)、钠(NaO)、钙(CaO)、钾(K₂O)等10.99%。

The purple pottery clay contains the following elements: iron oxide 12.26%, silicon 59.3%, aluminum 17.45%, magnesium, sodium, calcium, potassium, etc.

6、紫陶泥料的性质对制作工艺带来哪些影响?

6. What are the effects of the properties of purple clay on the production process?

炼制好的紫陶泥料细若膏脂,可塑性不强,因此紫陶成型以拉坯为主;最关键的一点是,正是因为紫陶泥料非常细腻,因此有利于装饰时的“刻花”和“填泥”两个步骤,可以使得刻花更精准,填泥与原坯融合得更好。

The refined purple pottery clay is fine if the paste is grease, and the plasticity is not strong. Therefore, the purple pottery is mainly formed by drawing the blank; the most important point is that the purple pottery clay is very delicate, so it is conducive to the two steps of “carving” and “filling mud” in decoration, which can make the engraving more accurate and the mud filling and the original billet are better integrated.

7、炼制好的紫陶泥料只有两种颜色,为什么可以烧制出那么多颜色的作品?

7. The refined purple clay has only two colors. Why can we produce so many color works?

这是因为紫陶泥料中含有丰富的元素,尤其是其中的铁元素,在不同的温度下,氧气充足或不足的环境中,可以产生或氧化或还原或混合等多样的反应,形成多种颜色的表面效果。

This is because purple pottery clay contains rich elements, especially iron, which can produce various reactions, such as oxidation, reduction or mixing, at different temperatures and in the environment with sufficient or insufficient oxygen to form a variety of color surface effects.

8、建水紫陶泥料目前储量还有多少?

8. How much is the current reserve of purple pottery clay in Jianshui?

目前已经探明的建水境内的砖红壤性红土面积138.48万亩,分布于海拔1300~1500米的坝区和丘陵地带;建水紫陶另一种添加土料紫色土,探明储量面积68.56万亩,分散分布于海拔1300~1600米的地表。

At present, the proven latosol red soil in Jianshui has an area of 1384800 mu, which is distributed in the dam area and hilly area with an altitude of 1300-1500 meters; Jianshui purple pottery has another purple soil with soil material, with a proven reserve area of 685600 mu, which is distributed on the surface of 1300-1600 meters above sea level.

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