为什么紫陶彩填的地方容易开裂?

紫陶的特别之处有两个,一个是阴刻阳填、一个是无釉磨光,这众所周知,今天特别说一下阴刻阳填这个工艺。在挑选一件紫陶作品的时候,作品上的书画装饰尤其重要,但这个地方又是非常容易出问题的,如果在制作的时候,由于刻填的彩泥和坯体泥料性质以及干湿度不同,刻填不好,很容易出现裂纹。从而影响了一件作品的完整性与美观。

There are two special features of purple pottery, one is Yin engraving and Yang filling, and the other is glaze free polishing. As we all know, today we will talk about the process of Yin engraving and Yang filling. When selecting a purple pottery work, the painting and calligraphy decoration on the work is particularly important, but this place is very easy to have problems. If, during the production, due to the different properties of the colored mud and the green body mud and the dry humidity, the filling is not good, and it is easy to crack. Thus, it affects the integrity and beauty of a work.

前段时间,同乡好友制作了多个白泥残贴装饰的主人杯,成品甚是美观,可仔细一检查才发现,多个主人杯刻填装饰的地方开裂,看到之后感觉甚是痛心,经过交流,朋友告诉我,这批主人杯花了他很多时间和精力,耗时三四个月才完成,可成品出来后,看到出现这样的问题,深受打击,填泥处作者说他压泥打理了几十遍,满以为这么用心,肯定不会出现问题。手工艺品的风险就是这样难以估量,有时候用心做一件作品可能不会换来该有的回报。

Some time ago, my friends from my hometown made a number of cups decorated with white clay scraps. The finished products were very beautiful. After careful inspection, we found that there were cracks in the decoration of several master cups. After seeing them, I felt very sad. After communication, my friend told me that this batch of master cups took him a lot of time and energy, and took three or four months to complete. But after the finished products came out, we saw the appearance This kind of problem has been deeply hit. The author of the mud filling Department said that he had done mud pressing for dozens of times. He thought that with such care, there would be no problem. The risk of handicrafts is so incalculable that sometimes you can’t get the reward by making a work carefully.

那么,书画填泥开裂的这个问题怎么处理和避免,使一件作品完整美观呢?咨询了几位做陶老师,得到了不同的处理方法,将其中觉得最好的一个办法与大家分享。紫陶书画填泥部分开裂并非无法避免,至少找到适当的方法可以大大降低其裂开的概率。老师说道,“我刚做紫陶那一年,这个问题一整年都在困扰我,尝试了很多次,都没有找到合适的解决方法,每次都用心、认认真真的做一件作品,烧制打磨好后书画填泥的地方总是开裂。后面就一直找方法、找原因、也在不断的尝试做,要想处理好书画填泥不开裂这个问题,‘水头’尤为重要,简单来讲,就是填泥时要掌握好一个恰到好处的水分量。举个例子,两块干的泥不管你用多大的力使劲揉捏都不会融在一起,只有找到合适比例的干湿度,两块泥才能融合在一起。书画填泥就是如此,水分不合适,一定会出现开裂这样的问题,期间不管你打理再多遍的次数,结果不会变”。

After consulting several teachers, I got different solutions and shared the best one with you. It is not inevitable that the mud filling part of purple pottery calligraphy and painting will crack. At least, finding appropriate methods can greatly reduce the cracking probability. The teacher said, “in the year when I first made purple pottery, this problem bothered me all year round. I tried many times, but I didn’t find a suitable solution. Every time, I worked hard and conscientiously to make a work. After firing and polishing, the mud filling place of calligraphy and painting was always cracked. After that, we have been looking for methods and reasons, and we are constantly trying to do it. In order to deal with the problem of no cracking in the mud filling of calligraphy and painting, the “water head” is particularly important. To put it simply, we should master a proper amount of water when filling mud. For example, two pieces of dry mud will not melt together no matter how hard you knead it. Only when you find the right proportion of dry moisture can the two pieces of mud blend together. This is the case with painting and calligraphy. If the water content is not suitable, there will be cracks. During this period, no matter how many times you take care of it, the result will not change. “.

水分差点,就会开裂;水分过多,则会在打理的时候将填泥处压塌。有种‘多一分就糊,欠一分则生”之意。

If there is little water, it will crack; if there is too much water, it will collapse the filling area. There is a kind of meaning that “more points will lead to confusion, and less than one point will lead to life”.

总之,做一件紫陶作品时,每一个细节都要用经验去积累,要经过不断的尝试来找到恰到好处的那个点。

In a word, when making a piece of purple pottery, every detail should be accumulated with experience, and we should try to find the right point.

将自己了解到的方法分享出来,希望能对各位朋友有所借助。大家能在制作紫陶时填泥点步骤中找到那个合适的“水头”,力使自己做的每一件作品都完美呈现出来。

I would like to share what I have learned. I hope I can help you. You can find the right “water head” in the process of filling mud points when making purple pottery, and try to make every piece of work perfectly presented.

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