什么是阴刻阳填?

“阴刻阳填”是建水紫陶装饰工艺中的特有名词,我们现在总是将它作为一个整体来说。要解释这个词是什么意思,只需将两组互为依存的反义字说清楚就可以理解。因为没有“阴”,就没有“阳”;事先不去“刻”,后续就不需要“填”。

“Yin carve Yang fill” is a unique term in Jianshui purple pottery decoration technology, we always regard it as a whole now. To explain what the word means, it is only necessary to make clear two sets of mutually dependent antonyms. Because there is no “Yin”, there is no “Yang”; if you don’t “carve” in advance, you don’t need to “fill in” later.

一、“阴”与“阳”

1、 Yin and Yang

“阴”与“阳”在这里既不是中国古代朴素世界观中所说的“阴阳”,也不是佛道之学中的“阴阳”;这里的“阴阳”,特指具体的意思,即传统刻字中的阴刻与阳刻两种特殊的雕刻方式。

“Yin” and “Yang” here are neither the “Yin and Yang” in the simple world outlook of ancient China, nor the “Yin and Yang” in Buddhism and Taoism. The “Yin and Yang” here refers to the specific meaning, that is, the two special carving methods of Yin carving and Yang carving in traditional Chinese characters.

阴刻是将笔画显示平面物体之下的立体线条刻出;阳刻是指凸起形状,是将笔画显示平面物体之上的立体线条。有点不好理解,对吧?

Intaglio is to carve out the three-dimensional lines under the plane objects displayed by the strokes; the intaglio refers to the convex shape, which is the three-dimensional lines above the plane objects displayed by the strokes. It’s a little hard to understand, right?

阴刻碑文

Inscriptions in Yin

阳刻印章

Embossed seal

简单说就是,阴刻是将笔画所在的部位刻掉,比如大多数碑文上的字就是阴刻;阳刻是保留笔画所在的部位,将笔画周围的其他部位刻掉,凸出笔画,比如古代的活字印刷术和印章大多是阳刻。

To put it simply, intaglio is to carve out the part where the strokes are located, for example, most of the characters on the inscriptions are intaglio; the intaglio is to keep the position of the strokes, and carve out the other parts around the strokes, so as to protrude the strokes. For example, the ancient movable type printing and seals are mostly embossed.

二、“刻”与“填”

2、 “Carving” and “filling”

建水紫陶中的“刻”,就是将笔画所在的部位刻掉,刻成一条条的凹槽,所以叫“阴刻”,行业内大家也常说“刻花”,意思是刻出花纹。

The “carving” in Jianshui purple pottery is to carve out the parts where the strokes are located and carve them into grooves, so it is called “Yin carving”. People in the industry often say “carving flowers”, which means carving out patterns.

填与刻相对,意思是将调配好的彩泥填入刻出的一条条凹槽。建水紫陶大多采用“阴刻”,那么对应的就是“阳填”。

Filling is opposite to engraving, which means that the prepared colored mud is filled into the grooves. Jianshui purple pottery mostly adopts “Yin carving”, so the corresponding is “Yang filling”.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 什么是阴刻阳填?

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