建水白泥陶,该怎么选购和养护?

建水白泥陶品很早以前就已经出现,比如我们现在还能见到的白色烟斗,但相比紫陶,那时白泥陶数量还是偏少。近些年,白泥陶数量大大增加,特别是彩填装饰工艺出现之后。

Jianshui white clay pottery has appeared a long time ago, such as the white pipe we can see now, but compared with purple pottery, the number of white clay pottery was still less. In recent years, the number of white clay pottery has increased greatly, especially after the emergence of color filling decoration technology.

很重要的一个原因是,彩填装饰、尤其是复色彩填装饰的作品往往色彩丰富,画面鲜明。这类型的装饰效果在白色的作品上会有更强烈的视觉冲击,能在一瞥之间就吸引观者的眼球。

One of the important reasons is that the color filling decoration, especially the multi color decoration works, is often rich in color and vivid in the picture. This type of decorative effect in white works will have a stronger visual impact, can attract the eye of the viewer in a glance.

白陶如白纸,书画家可以在白色陶面上更好地诠释自己的装饰意图。所以,当要制作精美的彩填作品时,很多匠人都更趋向于用白色的陶坯,而最终装饰出来的效果也确实更为显眼。

White pottery is like white paper. Calligraphers and painters can better interpret their decorative intentions on the white pottery surface. Therefore, when we want to make exquisite color filling works, many craftsmen tend to use white pottery, and the final decoration effect is really more conspicuous.

另外,很大一部分陶友(消费者)也喜欢购买白色的作品,特别是茶杯。白色给人的感觉是纯粹、高洁,自有一番意境。还有一个很重要的原因是,白色的茶杯、公道杯等方便观察茶汤色感,而其他颜色的紫陶作品则满足不了这个需求。

In addition, a large number of Taoyou (consumers) also like to buy white works, especially tea cups. White gives people the feeling of pure, noble, and has a certain artistic conception. The other reason why the color of the tea cup is not satisfied is that it is convenient to observe the tea cup.

但建水陶中的白色陶品仍然有自己的不足。以茶壶为例,如果烧制温度不够,泡普洱熟茶时,深色茶汤很容易浸入壶身,用不了多久,茶壶就会从一个洁白无瑕的“净衣派”变成一个“污衣派”。

However, the white pottery in Jianshui pottery still has its own shortcomings. Take the teapot as an example. If the cooking temperature is not enough, the dark tea soup is easy to soak into the pot when brewing Pu’er ripe tea. In a short time, the teapot will change from a pure white “clean clothes school” to a “dirty clothes school”.

建水白泥的烧结温度普遍比红泥要高,所以白泥作品和红泥作品都是分开烧制的。如果没有达到合格的烧结温度,坯体密度比较低,深色茶汤很容易浸染整个壶身。

The sintering temperature of Jianshui white clay is generally higher than that of red clay, so white clay works and red clay works are fired separately. If the qualified sintering temperature is not reached, the green body density is relatively low, and the dark tea soup is easy to dye the whole pot body.

以前烧窑时,没有精准的温度计,窑工只能凭借自己长期积累的对温度的判断经验去烧好一窑作品。但是对于大多数陶友来说,是难以判断准确的。所以最好的方法就是通过泡茶来检测,如果壶身外面都被浸染了,那多半就是温度没烧够。

In the past, there was no accurate thermometer, so the kiln workers had to rely on their long-term accumulated experience in judging the temperature to make a good kiln. But for most Taoyou, it is difficult to judge accurately. So the best way is to test it by making tea. If the outside of the pot is soaked, it is likely that the temperature is not enough.

白泥陶还有另一个缺点是:茶渍堆积,难以清洗。

White clay pottery also has another drawback: tea stains pile up, difficult to clean.

其实不管什么颜色的陶品,使用时间长了,总会或多或少堆积一些茶渍;如果平时不注意清洗,那么茶渍就会堆积得更严重。

In fact, no matter what color of pottery, used for a long time, there will be more or less tea stains; if you do not pay attention to cleaning, then tea stains will pile up more seriously.

原本洁白的陶品堆积了一层暗黄的茶渍,当然是令人不舒服的。所以最好的办法,一是勤快地清洗,喝完茶,当天就及时清洗干净所有茶具;二是实在难以清洗的时候,借助一些小技巧清洗干净。

The original white pottery is covered with dark yellow tea stains, which is of course uncomfortable. Therefore, the best way is to clean all the tea utensils in time on the same day after drinking tea; and the best way is to clean all the tea sets with the help of some small skills when it is really difficult to clean.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 建水白泥陶,该怎么选购和养护?

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