采茶季,新生的芽叶都会被采完吗?

采茶季,新生的芽叶都会被采完吗?插图

茶树的主要经济价值就在新生的芽叶上,但同时,新生的芽叶又对茶树的光合作用起着十分重要的作用,是茶树进行光合作用的最主要的部位。

The main economic value of tea plant lies in the new buds and leaves, but at the same time, the new buds and leaves play a very important role in the photosynthesis of tea plants, which is the main part of photosynthesis of tea plants.

在采茶的季节,新生的芽叶应该采摘多少,同时应该留养多少,是每一个采茶人都需要特别关注的。如果一味追求眼前的经济价值,过度采摘新生鲜叶,那么茶树就不能进行正常的光合作用,茶叶中的有机物质就不能正常形成和积累。

In the tea picking season, every tea picker should pay special attention to how many new buds and leaves should be picked and how much should be kept. If the pursuit of immediate economic value, excessive picking of fresh leaves, then the tea plant can not carry out normal photosynthesis, the formation and accumulation of organic matter in tea can not be normal.

采茶季,新生的芽叶都会被采完吗?插图1

所以,采摘时,要注意留叶,满足茶树生长发育的需要。其实,合理的留叶是为了以后能够采摘得更多,因此留与采看似矛盾,实际上是可以相互促进的。

Therefore, when picking, we should pay attention to leave leaves to meet the needs of tea growth and development. In fact, reasonable leaf retaining is to be able to pick more in the future, so retaining and picking seem contradictory, in fact, can promote each other.

处理采摘与留养的关系,目前主要有两种方法:

At present, there are two ways to deal with the relationship between picking and keeping

采茶季,新生的芽叶都会被采完吗?插图2

一是集中采,集中留。这个方法主要针对名优茶,一般是春季全采,采到鱼叶的部位,而夏秋两个季节新生的芽叶则会全部留养起来。

First, centralized mining and centralized retaining. This method is mainly aimed at famous tea. It is generally collected in spring, where the fish leaves are collected, while the newly born buds and leaves in summer and autumn are kept.

二是当新梢生长到一定程度时,采摘顶芽和一部分细嫩的叶片,留下鱼叶或者1~2片真叶在新梢上。

Second, when the new shoots grow to a certain extent, the top buds and some tender leaves are picked, leaving fish leaves or 1-2 true leaves on the new shoots.

采茶季,新生的芽叶都会被采完吗?插图3

采茶时,还要考虑到数量和品质的关系,对于大多数茶叶而言,不仅要产量高,而且要求品质也好。所以采茶时,采大的还是小的,老的还是嫩的,采迟一点还是早一点,都要以平衡数量和质量为依据,力求做到高产和优质兼顾。

When picking tea, we should also consider the relationship between quantity and quality. For most tea, we should not only have high yield, but also require good quality. Therefore, when picking tea, the big one or the small one, the old one or the young one, the later or the earlier, all should be based on the balance of quantity and quality, and strive to achieve both high yield and high quality.

茶树芽叶生长发育时,从茶芽到一芽一叶、一芽二叶、一芽多叶,每增加一片叶子,它的重量就会成倍的增加。如果在过于细嫩的时候采摘,会对产量带来很大的影响,少采摘一叶,产量将会减少一倍左右。

During the growth and development of tea bud and leaf, from tea bud to one bud with one leaf, one bud with two leaves, and one bud with many leaves, the weight of tea plant will be doubled. If you pick it when it is too tender, it will have a great impact on the yield. If you pick one leaf less, the yield will be reduced by about twice.

采茶季,新生的芽叶都会被采完吗?插图4

但芽叶长得过于老了也不行,我们前面介绍过,由于茶树新梢发育具有顶端优势,如果采摘过于晚了,就会抑制侧芽的萌发。这样不仅没有品质,产量也会减少。

However, if the buds and leaves grow too old, they will not be able to grow too old. As we have mentioned earlier, because the development of tea shoots has the advantage of top, if the tea is picked too late, the germination of lateral buds will be inhibited. In this way, not only will there be no quality, but also the yield will be reduced.

而且根据对茶叶的研究,其内部的有效成分茶多酚、氨基酸、咖啡碱、全氮量都会随着芽叶的生长而逐渐减少,但一些不溶于水的无效物质和粗纤维却会随着芽叶的生长而逐渐增多。所以如果一味追求数量,等茶叶养大了再采,内部的有效成分已经大大降低了,对最终茶叶的品质是很不利的。

Moreover, according to the research on tea, the contents of tea polyphenols, amino acids, caffeine and total nitrogen in tea will gradually decrease with the growth of buds and leaves, but some ineffective substances and crude fiber insoluble in water will gradually increase with the growth of buds and leaves. Therefore, if we blindly pursue the quantity and wait for the tea to grow up, the internal effective ingredients have been greatly reduced, which is very unfavorable to the final quality of tea.

采茶季,新生的芽叶都会被采完吗?插图5

说到底,茶叶拼的就是好口感,好品质,鲜叶的品质是非常重要的基础。如果采摘不合理,鲜叶品质不过关,那么即使后期制作的工艺再精细,也不能做出优质的茶。所以在采摘鲜叶时,应该注意采摘与留养的比例,同时兼顾数量与质量,才能产生最大的价值。

In the final analysis, tea is a good taste, good quality, the quality of fresh leaves is a very important basis. If the picking is not reasonable and the quality of fresh leaves is not up to standard, even if the post-processing technology is fine, it can not make high-quality tea. Therefore, when picking fresh leaves, we should pay attention to the proportion of picking and keeping, and take into account the quantity and quality, in order to produce the maximum value.

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