普洱茶属不属于黑茶?

普洱茶属不属于黑茶?插图

长期以来,普洱茶被归入黑茶类,但这一归类一直存在争议。特别是人工发酵普洱茶面市后,将普洱茶归为黑茶更受到强烈的质疑。因为从现在已经确立的茶叶分类方法、各种茶类的加工工艺以及茶叶的成品特质来看,普洱茶和黑茶完全是两码事。

For a long time, Pu’er tea has been classified as black tea, but this classification has been controversial. Especially after the artificial fermented Pu’er tea came into the market, the classification of Pu’er tea as black tea has been strongly questioned. Because from the established classification method of tea, the processing technology of various kinds of tea and the characteristics of tea products, Pu’er tea and black tea are totally different things.

中国现行最权威的两部茶叶著作《中国茶经》和《茶叶大词典》中,现代中国茶类被分为基本茶类和再加工茶类等。

In China’s two most authoritative tea works, China’s tea classics and tea dictionary, modern Chinese tea is divided into basic tea and reprocessed tea.

基本茶类是“茶鲜叶经过制造过程形成的不同品质成品茶的类别”,根据制造的方法和茶多酚的氧化程度,将基本茶类分为六大类:绿茶、白茶、黑茶、黄茶、乌龙茶(青茶)、红茶。黑茶是采摘鲜叶初制而成,属于基本茶类之一

The basic tea category is “the category of finished tea with different quality formed through the manufacturing process of fresh tea leaves”. According to the manufacturing method and the oxidation degree of tea polyphenols, the basic tea is divided into six categories: green tea, white tea, black tea, yellow tea, oolong tea (green tea) and black tea. Black tea is made by picking fresh leaves and belongs to one of the basic tea categories

普洱茶属不属于黑茶?插图1

再加工茶类是“以基本茶类的茶叶为原料经再加工而形成的茶叶产品”。区别很明显,先采摘鲜叶初制成基本茶类,再用基本茶类为原料,制作再加工茶类。

Reprocessing tea is a kind of tea product formed by reprocessing tea from basic tea. The difference is very obvious, first picking fresh leaves to make basic tea, and then using basic tea as raw material to produce and process tea.

普洱茶是以晒青毛茶为原料的,经过特殊的再加工工艺而制成,所以普洱茶符合再加工茶的特征,应归属为再加工茶,而不是基本茶类中的黑茶。

Pu’er tea is made from sun dried green tea through special reprocessing process. Therefore, Pu’er tea is in line with the characteristics of reprocessing tea and should be classified as reprocessed tea, not black tea in the basic tea category.

普洱茶属不属于黑茶?插图2

在加工工艺上,普洱茶与黑茶也存在明显差异。全国高等农业院校的教材,如《制茶学》、《茶叶加工学》等,对两种茶的加工工艺都有明确的表述:

In the processing technology, Pu’er tea and black tea also have obvious differences. The teaching materials of agricultural colleges and universities all over the country, such as tea making and tea processing, clearly state the processing technology of the two kinds of tea

“黑茶初制(加工),按鲜叶采收、杀青、揉捻(初揉)、渥堆、复揉和干燥等工序制成黑毛茶”。普洱茶的加工工艺是,采用晒青茶经过自然发酵陈化或者潮水渥堆而成。黑茶的渥堆发生在干燥之前,普洱茶的渥堆则是在干燥之后,所以在制造方法上明显不同。

“Black tea is first prepared (processed), which is made by picking fresh leaves, removing green, rolling (primary rolling), piling, re rolling and drying.”. The processing technology of Pu’er tea is that it is made of sun dried green tea after natural fermentation and aging or by wet pile. The pile of black tea occurs before drying, while that of Pu’er tea is after drying, so the manufacturing method is obviously different.

普洱茶属不属于黑茶?插图3

从最终制成的成品茶特征来说,普洱茶和黑茶也是差异巨大。《制茶学》里描述道,黑茶是“外形条索卷折,色泽黄褐油润,忌暗褐;内质香味纯和,汤色橙黄,叶底黄褐,忌红叶”。而普洱茶的特征则是“外形色泽褐红。内质汤色红浓明亮,香气独特陈香,滋味醇厚回甘,叶底褐红”。

From the characteristics of the finished tea, Pu’er tea and black tea are also very different. “Tea making science” describes that black tea is “curled in shape, yellowish brown and oily in color, and dark brown is not allowed; the endoplasmic fragrance is pure, the soup color is orange yellow, the bottom of the leaves is yellow brown, and the red leaves are not allowed.”. The characteristic of Pu’er tea is “brown red in appearance”. Endoplasmic soup is red, thick and bright, with unique aroma, mellow and sweet taste, and brown red leaf bottom.

普洱茶属不属于黑茶?插图4

从上述描述可以看出,普洱茶和黑茶在成品茶的外形特征上并没有多少共同之处,差异十分明显。

From the above description, it can be seen that Pu’er tea and black tea have little in common in the appearance characteristics of finished tea, and the differences are very obvious.

所以,黑茶是黑茶,普洱是普洱,将云南普洱茶归属为黑茶,在许多方面难以令人信服,而且也缺乏科学依据。

Therefore, black tea is black tea and Pu’er is Pu’er. It is difficult to believe that Yunnan Pu’er tea belongs to black tea in many aspects, and there is also a lack of scientific basis.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 普洱茶属不属于黑茶?

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