名优茶的鲜叶采摘标准

名优茶的鲜叶采摘标准插图

大多数名优茶采摘鲜叶要求细嫩、均匀,采得早、摘得嫩、拣得净。

Most of the famous tea leaves should be tender and even. They should be picked early, tender and clean.

各种名优茶的加工工艺精湛,鲜叶原料要求非常严格,不同的茶类,在采摘时间和嫩度上差异很大。

The processing technology of all kinds of famous tea is exquisite, and the raw materials of fresh leaves are very strict. The picking time and tenderness of different kinds of tea are very different.

一、采摘单芽的名茶

1、 Famous tea picking single bud

采单芽的名茶有湖南君山银针、浙江绿剑茶、江苏太湖翠竹茶等。君山银针在清明前后采摘,选择粗壮的芽头,一般长度为25~30毫米,宽度为3~4毫米,芽柄长度2~3毫米。

The famous tea with single bud includes Hunan Junshan silver needle, Zhejiang green sword tea and Jiangsu Taihu green bamboo tea. Junshan silver needles were picked before and after the Qingming Festival. The thick bud heads were selected, with a general length of 25-30 mm, a width of 3-4 mm, and a bud stalk length of 2-3 mm.

名优茶的鲜叶采摘标准插图1

正确的采摘方法是用手指将芽头折断,可以看到断面整齐,而不是用手指去掐断采摘。同时还有“八不采”:雨天不采、细瘦芽不采、风伤芽不采、开口芽不采、空心芽不采、有病弯曲芽不采、过长的芽不采、过短的芽不采。

The correct picking method is to use the finger to break off the bud head, you can see that the section is neat, rather than using the finger to pinch off the picking. At the same time, there are “eight no picking”: not picking in rainy days, not picking thin and thin buds, not picking wind damaged buds, not picking open buds, hollow buds, not picking sick curved buds, too long buds, too short buds.

依照以上严格的标准采摘后,还会再细致地挑拣一次,将混入其中的不合规格的茶芽剔除。

After picking according to the above strict standards, the tea buds will be carefully selected again, and the unqualified tea buds mixed into it will be removed.

二、采摘细嫩芽叶的名茶

2、 Famous tea picking tender leaves

采摘细嫩芽叶的名茶有浙江的龙井茶、江苏的碧螺春、安徽的黄山毛峰、南京的雨花茶、安化的松针等。主要采摘刚刚发育展开的细嫩芽叶,要求一芽一叶或者一芽二叶,而且芽叶的细嫩程度要均匀一致。

The famous teas for picking tender leaves are Longjing tea from Zhejiang Province, Biluochun tea from Jiangsu Province, Huangshan Maofeng Tea from Anhui Province, Yuhua tea from Nanjing, pine needles from Anhua, etc. It is mainly used to pick the newly developed tender leaves, which requires one bud with one leaf or one bud with two leaves, and the tender degree of buds and leaves should be uniform.

名优茶的鲜叶采摘标准插图2

三、采摘嫩叶片的名茶

3、 Famous tea picking tender leaves

安徽的六安瓜片就是采摘新发的茶树梢单张叶片而制成,采摘时有采片和攀片两种方法。

Anhui Lu’an Guapian is made by picking single leaves of new tea shoots.

(1)采片:在谷雨到立夏的这段时间,从茶树上选取即将成熟的新梢,也叫作开面梢,按照顺序采下新叶片,将梗留在树上。如果是嫩梗,一般会一起采摘下来,然后经过后续的攀片,将芽、梗、叶分开。

(1) Picking: during the period from grain rain to the beginning of summer, new shoots, also known as open shoots, are selected from tea trees. New leaves are picked in order and the stems are left on the trees. If it is a tender stem, it will be picked together, and then through the follow-up climbing, the bud, stem and leaf will be separated.

名优茶的鲜叶采摘标准插图3

(2)攀片:鲜叶采回来后摊在阴凉处,等待叶面的湿水晾干,然后将断梢上的第1叶至第3叶第4叶以及茶芽,用手一一攀下来。第1片茶叶制作“提片”,品质最好;第2片茶叶制作“瓜片”,品质略低于“提片”;第3~4片茶叶制作“梅片”,品质相对最差;茶芽则制成银针。

(2) Climbing: fresh leaves are spread out in the shade after picking, waiting for the wet water on the leaves to dry, and then climb down the first leaf to the third leaf, the fourth leaf and the tea bud one by one on the broken tip. The first piece of tea is the best in quality; the second piece is slightly lower than the second piece; the third to fourth piece is the worst; the bud is made into silver needle.

攀片实际上是对鲜叶进行精细分级,将老叶、嫩叶分开,便于炒制,使得每一级的品质整齐一致。

Panpian is actually a fine classification of fresh leaves, separating the old leaves and young leaves, which is easy to fry and make the quality of each grade uniform.

以上就是一部分名优茶的鲜叶采摘标准,如果你恰好有其中的一种,读完后看看手里的名优茶,合格了吗?以后去茶叶市场购买名优茶时,记得提前看看这些鲜叶的采摘标准,一一比对,毕竟名优茶价格不菲,要让自己的每一分茶钱都花得值。

The above is part of the famous tea fresh leaf picking standards, if you happen to have one of them, after reading the hand of the famous tea, qualified? When you go to the tea market to buy famous and high-quality tea in the future, remember to check the picking standards of these fresh leaves in advance, and compare them one by one. After all, the price of famous and high-quality tea is not cheap, so you should spend every cent of your tea money.

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