认识了茶树的6种生态类型,才更了解自己喝的那一杯茶

认识了茶树的6种生态类型,才更了解自己喝的那一杯茶插图

茶树从起源地扩散和迁徙的过程中,为了适应不同地方的环境条件,发生了各种变异,在长期的自然选择中,形成了6种生态类型。

In the process of spreading and migrating from the origin, in order to adapt to the environment conditions in different places, there are various variations. In the long-term natural selection, six ecological types have been formed.

一、低纬度高海拔乔木大叶型

1、 Large leaf type of low latitude and high altitude Arbor

北纬23度以南、海拔800~2500米的云南中南部区域,是茶树的最适宜生态区。这个区域的茶树芽叶肥壮,茶多酚、咖啡碱含量高,氨基酸含量适中,适合用来制作红茶。主要以勐库大叶茶、勐海大叶茶、景谷大白茶为代表。

South of 23 degrees north latitude and 800-2500 meters above sea level is the most suitable ecological area for tea plants. The tea plants in this area have plump buds and leaves, high content of tea polyphenols and caffeine, and moderate content of amino acids, which are suitable for making black tea. It is mainly represented by Mengku Daye tea, Menghai Daye tea and Jinggu Dabai tea.

认识了茶树的6种生态类型,才更了解自己喝的那一杯茶插图1

二、南亚热带乔木大叶雨林型

2、 Large leaf rain forest type of South Subtropical Tree

在北回归线以南、海拔550米以下的云南东南部和广西南部,也非常适宜茶树生长。这个区域茶树的茶多酚含量高,氨基酸含量适中,适合用来制作红茶和特种茶。主要以云南麻栗坡的白毛茶、广西防城大叶茶、博白大茶树为代表。

In the south of Tropic of cancer, the southeast of Yunnan and the south of Guangxi, which are below 550 meters above sea level, are also very suitable for tea plant growth. The tea plant in this area has high content of tea polyphenols and moderate content of amino acids, which is suitable for making black tea and special tea. It is mainly represented by Baimao tea in Malipo, Yunnan, Fangcheng Daye tea and Bobai tea.

三、南亚热带小乔木大叶型

3、 Large leaf type of small arbor in South Subtropics

这一区域的范围是北纬24度~26度、海拔300~1000米的广西和广东中北部、湖南和江西南部。茶树特征是叶质厚,茶多酚含量高,氨基酸含量偏低,适合用来制作红茶和绿茶。主要以广西龙胜大叶茶、广东乳源大叶茶、湖南汝城白毛茶为代表。

The range of this area is 24-26 degrees north latitude and 300-1000 meters above sea level in Guangxi, central and northern Guangdong, Hunan and southern Jiangxi. Tea plant is characterized by thick leaves, high content of tea polyphenols and low content of amino acids, which is suitable for making black tea and green tea. It is mainly represented by Guangxi Longsheng Daye tea, Guangdong Ruyuan Daye tea and Hunan Rucheng Baimao tea.

认识了茶树的6种生态类型,才更了解自己喝的那一杯茶插图2

四、中亚热带小乔木大中叶型

4、 Medium subtropical small trees with large and medium leaves

地理位置在北纬26度~30度、海拔800米以下的长江以南地区。所产茶叶角质层厚,茶多酚、氨基酸、咖啡碱的含量都适中,适合用来制作红茶、绿茶和乌龙茶。以湖北恩施大叶茶、湖南醴陵大叶茶、福建武夷水仙为代表。

It is located in the south of the Yangtze River at an altitude of 800 meters and 26-30 degrees north latitude. The cuticle of the tea is thick and the contents of tea polyphenols, amino acids and caffeine are moderate. It is suitable for making black tea, green tea and oolong tea. It is represented by Enshi Daye tea in Hubei Province, Liling tea in Hunan Province and Wuyi Narcissus in Fujian Province.

五、中亚热带灌木大中小叶型

5、 Middle subtropical shrub with large, medium and small leaves

位于北纬30度~32度、海拔300米以下的长江中下游南北地区,同时也是茶树分布的南北过渡带。茶树叶片有大中小之分,比如湖北兴山大叶茶、湖南安化中叶茶、江苏洞庭小叶茶。其特点是茶多酚含量低、氨基酸含量高,适合用于制作绿茶和工夫红茶。

It is located in the North-South region of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, which is 30-32 degrees north latitude and 300 meters above sea level, and is also the North-South transition zone of tea distribution. Tea leaves can be divided into large and medium-sized, such as Hubei Xingshan Daye tea, Hunan Anhua middle leaf tea and Jiangsu Dongting small leaf tea. It is characterized by low content of tea polyphenols and high content of amino acids, which is suitable for making green tea and Gongfu black tea.

认识了茶树的6种生态类型,才更了解自己喝的那一杯茶插图3

六、北亚热带和暖温带灌木中小叶型

6、 Small leaf type of shrub in north subtropical and warm temperate zone

区域范围已到北纬32度~35度、海拔200米以下,集中在江苏、安徽和湖北北部,河南、陕西和甘肃南部。茶树特征是芽叶纤细,氨基酸含量高,茶多酚含量低。以安徽霍山种、河南信阳种、陕西紫阳种为代表。

The area has reached 32-35 degrees north latitude and altitude below 200 meters, concentrated in Jiangsu, Anhui and Northern Hubei, Henan, Shaanxi and southern Gansu. Tea plants are characterized by slender buds and leaves, high content of amino acids and low content of tea polyphenols. Huoshan species in Anhui Province, Xinyang species in Henan Province and Ziyang species in Shaanxi Province are the representative species.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 认识了茶树的6种生态类型,才更了解自己喝的那一杯茶

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