野生大茶树都长在哪些地方?

野生大茶树都长在哪些地方?插图首先要说明的一点是,野生茶和栽培茶之间并没有绝对的界限,在人类栽培利用之前,茶树都是野生的,栽培茶树也都是由野生茶树驯化而来。

First of all, there is no absolute boundary between wild tea and cultivated tea. Before human cultivation and utilization, tea trees were wild, and cultivated tea plants were domesticated from wild tea plants.

野生大茶树都长在哪些地方?插图1

目前,在中国有五个野生大茶树的集中分布区:(1)滇、桂、黔大厂茶分布区;(2)滇东南原轴茶分布区;(3)滇西南、滇南大理茶分布区;(4)滇、川、黔秃房茶分布区;(5)粤、赣、湘苦茶分布区。

At present, there are five concentrated distribution areas of wild tea trees in China: (1) Dachang tea distribution area in Yunnan, Guangxi and Guizhou; (2) protoaxis tea distribution area in Southeast Yunnan; (3) Dali tea distribution area in southwest and southern Yunnan; (4) tufang tea distribution area in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou; (5) bitter tea distribution area in Guangdong, Jiangxi and Hunan.

野生大茶树都长在哪些地方?插图2

这五个分布区集中在北纬24°线附近,并向两侧扩散。其中的野生大茶树数量,以云南省的南部、西南部和东南部最多,其次是贵州和广西的西部,四川的南部。

These five areas are concentrated near the 24 ° N line and spread to both sides. Among them, the number of wild tea trees is the largest in the south, southwest and southeast of Yunnan Province, followed by Guizhou and the west of Guangxi, and the south of Sichuan Province.

野生大茶树都长在哪些地方?插图3

南岭山脉的两侧是苦茶分布区。苦茶一是含有较多的酚酸类物质,如黄酮类和花青素;二是构成苦涩味的儿茶素、酸酯含量较高;三是含有一种叫丁子香酚甙的特异苦味物质,具有很强的苦味。

On both sides of Nanling Mountain range is the distribution area of bitter tea. Bitter tea contains a lot of phenolic acids, such as flavonoids and anthocyanins; the second is that the content of catechins and esters that constitute the bitter taste is higher; the third is that it contains a specific bitter substance called eugenol glycoside, which has a strong bitter taste.

总体来看,中国的野生大茶树分布在西南地区最多,经调查并有详细记录的野生大茶树就有100多处。

On the whole, China’s wild tea plants are most distributed in Southwest China, and more than 100 wild tea plants have been investigated and recorded in detail.

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