中国人发现茶有多早?

中国人发现茶有多早?插图

中国人是什么时候开始发现和利用茶的,这可能是每一个中国茶人都会遇到和需要回答的问题。

When did Chinese people begin to discover and use tea? This may be a question that every Chinese tea man will encounter and need to answer.

最早的关于发现茶和利用茶的文字信息是:“神农尝百草,日遇七十二毒,得茶而解之。”神农时代是“只知其母,不知其父”的母系氏族社会,距今已有四五千年啦。

The earliest text message about the discovery and utilization of tea was: “Shennong tasted all kinds of herbs and encountered 72 poisons every day. He got tea and solved it.” The Shennong era was a matriarchal clan society which only knew its mother and did not know its father.

中国人发现茶有多早?插图1

正式出现在文字里的,是公元前200年左右秦汉年间的字书《尔雅》,在其中将茶叫做“槚”。东晋常豦在《华阳国志》中多次提到茶,其中有记载说,公元前1066年,也就是3000多年前,周武王率领南方八国讨伐纣王时,我国巴蜀一带的人已经开始栽培茶叶、并用茶叶作为贡品了。当时,如今的乐山、彭山一带已经是有名的茶叶产地。

Officially appeared in the text is about 200 BC, Qin and Han Dynasty calligraphy “Erya”, in which tea is called “槚”. Chang Chen of the Eastern Jin Dynasty mentioned tea many times in the annals of Huayang kingdom. It is recorded that in 1066 B.C., more than 3000 years ago, when King Wu of Zhou led the eight southern powers to invade King Zhou, people in Bashu began to cultivate tea and use tea as tribute. At that time, Leshan and Pengshan were already famous tea producing areas.

我们的祖先在3000多年前就开始栽培和利用茶叶了,但茶叶的起源肯定还要早得多。据植物学家分析,茶树的起源至今已有6000万年的历史了。

Tea cultivation began more than 3000 years ago. According to botanists’ analysis, the origin of tea plant has a history of 60 million years.

中国人发现茶有多早?插图2

同任何物种的起源一样,茶的起源和存在,必然是在人类发现茶和利用茶之前,直到相隔很久很久以后,才被人们发现和利用。

Like the origin of any species, the origin and existence of tea must have been discovered and utilized by people before tea was discovered and used by human beings, and until a long time later.

人类利用茶的经验,也是经历代代相传,从局部地区慢慢扩大开来,又隔了很久很久之后,才逐渐有文字来记载。

People’s experience in using tea has been passed down from generation to generation, and gradually expanded from local areas. It took a long time before there were written records.

中国人发现茶有多早?插图3

早在1200年前的唐代陆羽时期,已经发现野生大茶树,尤其是云南、四川和贵州发现最多。仅在云南,发现的树干直径在1米以上的大茶树就有20多处。比如:

As early as 1200 years ago in the Tang Dynasty Luyu period, large wild tea plants have been found, especially in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou. In Yunnan alone, there are more than 20 large tea trees with trunk diameter more than 1 meter. For example:

1961年,在海拔1500米的勐海县巴达大黑山密林中,发现一株高32.12米,胸围2.9米的野生大茶树,其树龄估计已有千年左右。

In 1961, a wild tea tree with a height of 32.12 meters and a chest girth of 2.9 meters was found in the dense forest of Bada Daheishan in Menghai County, with an altitude of 1500 meters. Its age is estimated to be about 1000 years.

中国人发现茶有多早?插图4

在海拔2190米的澜沧县黑山原始森林中,有一株高21.6米,树干胸围1.9米的野生大茶树。

In the Heishan virgin forest of Lancang County, 2190 meters above sea level, there is a wild tea tree with a height of 21.6 meters and a trunk chest circumference of 1.9 meters.

上个世纪,在勐海县南糯山有一株大茶树,高5.5米,树冠10.9*9.8米,树干胸围1.4米。据当地哈尼族历史记载,这棵茶树从种植到现在,已经历了55代人,有800年之久。

In the last century, there was a large tea tree in nannuo mountain of Menghai County, with a height of 5.5 meters, a crown of 10.9 * 9.8 meters and a trunk chest circumference of 1.4 meters. According to the local Hani historical records, the tea plant has experienced 55 generations, 800 years.

中国人发现茶有多早?插图5

1983年,在云南镇沅县千家寨发现了350余公顷的野生大茶树群落,千家寨一号大茶树,高25.6米,干径1.2米,树龄在千年以上。

In 1983, more than 350 hectares of wild large tea plant communities were found in qianjiazhai, Zhenyuan County, Yunnan Province. The No.1 tea tree in qianjiazhai is 25.6 meters in height, 1.2 meters in trunk diameter and over 1000 years old.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 中国人发现茶有多早?

赞 (0)