做出一件合格的紫陶作品有多难

做出一件合格的紫陶作品有多难插图天助陶艺有一种新型汽锅,双层设计,原理很先进。但其不同型号的成功率一直是一个很大的问题,2号汽锅小一些,成功率在80%以上,1号汽锅体量稍微大一些,其成功率却只有20%左右。

Tianzhu pottery has a new type of steam pot, double-layer design, the principle is very advanced. However, the success rate of different models has always been a big problem. The success rate of No.2 boiler is smaller, and the success rate is more than 80%, while the volume of No.1 boiler is slightly larger, but the success rate is only about 20%.

之前他们接了朱家花园的一个订单,制作20只刻填有朱家花园房屋建筑的1号汽锅,但最终是烧了100多只才把订单做完。也许不了解的人会觉得这并没有什么,但是你知道建水紫陶在入窑之前要经过哪些步骤吗?

Before, they took an order from Zhu’s garden to make 20 No. 1 steam pots engraved with the buildings of Zhu’s garden, but eventually they burned more than 100 before finishing the order. Maybe those who don’t know will think it’s nothing, but do you know what steps Jianshui purple pottery has to go through before it is put into the kiln?

从揉泥制坯开始,双层制坯更为复杂,然后是晾坯、修坯、装饰、雕刻、填泥、精修坯、晾干,才到入窑烧制。如果说其他步骤相对简单,只是耗费时间,那么这其中的装饰、雕刻、填泥有80%是白做了。

Starting with kneading mud, double-layer billet making is more complicated, and then it is air drying, trimming, decoration, carving, filling mud, finishing and drying, and then it is fired in the kiln. If the other steps are relatively simple and time-consuming, 80% of the decoration, carving and mud filling are white.

做出一件合格的紫陶作品有多难插图1

在紫陶上展现朱家花园的建筑风格并不简单,就算是纯白泥单色刻填,也要花费很多时间才能完成一个汽锅的装饰,但是很可能这个汽锅会在烧制时出现开裂、变形、甚至坍塌,于是这之前所有的努力都付诸东流。

It is not easy to show the architectural style of Zhujia garden on Purple pottery. Even if it is pure white clay, it will take a lot of time to complete the decoration of a steam pot. However, it is likely that the boiler will crack, deform or even collapse during the firing process, so all previous efforts have been in vain.

你无法想象辛辛苦苦花费一个月做100件建水紫陶,但是进行到烧制这一步,就已经坏掉了80件。不是所有的人都会乐观地把这种情况看做是实验,更多的人是要靠这窑东西来挣钱养家或支付工人工资、维持工坊运转。

You can’t imagine working hard to make 100 pieces of Jianshui purple pottery in a month, but 80 pieces have been broken in the process of firing. Not all people will be optimistic about this situation as an experiment. More people rely on this kiln to earn money to support their families or pay workers’ wages and maintain the workshop running.

建水紫陶的绝大多数工艺步骤目前只能靠手工完成,这期间有太多功亏一篑、令人泪奔的时刻:

At present, most of the process steps of Jianshui purple pottery can only be completed by hand. During this period, there were too many times when the success failed and people were crying

做出一件合格的紫陶作品有多难插图2

你辛辛苦苦地制泥、拉坯、修坯、装饰,一丝不苟,但是在晾干的过程中陶坯开裂了,废陶一件,功亏一篑,令人泪奔;

You work hard to make mud, cast, trim, decorate, and be meticulous, but in the process of drying, the ceramic body cracked, and a piece of waste pottery failed, which made people cry;

你努力地做到把完好的陶坯送进窑膛,但是在1000多摄氏度、变数极多的高温环境下,陶坯开裂、变形、坍塌,废陶一件,功亏一篑,令人泪奔;

You try your best to send the perfect ceramic body into the kiln, but in the high temperature environment of more than 1000 degrees Celsius and a lot of variables, the ceramic body cracks, deforms and collapses, and one piece of waste pottery falls short, which makes people cry;

一些烧制合格的火坯被取出,看上去完好无损,但是打磨时发现作品表面出现一些小孔,原来是练泥的过程中夹杂了残留的极少数较粗的白泥,虽然完全无害健康,但是作品因此变成瑕疵品,功亏一篑,令人泪奔;

Some of the fire products were taken out and looked intact. However, some small holes were found on the surface of the work. It turned out that a small number of coarse white mud was mixed in the process of mud refining. Although it is completely harmless to health, the work has become a defective product, and the work has failed to make people cry;

制作出来的作品整体质量非常好,器型饱满协调、字画刻填精美、打磨均匀细润,但是突然发现忘记打底款了。一时不知道该怎么描述这种哭笑不得的情况,总之是令人泪奔的;

The overall quality of the produced works is very good. The shape is full and harmonious, the calligraphy and painting are exquisite and polished evenly. However, I suddenly found that I forgot to make the base. I don’t know how to describe this situation for a while. In short, it makes people cry;

做出一件合格的紫陶作品有多难插图3

在一件紫陶作品诞生的过程中,有太多太多这样的情况。顾客永远是挑剔的,当然这挑剔也无可厚非。但是当你亲眼见证这个过程,你才会发现纯手作出一件完美的作品是多么难。

In the process of the birth of a purple pottery work, there are too many such cases. Customers are always picky, of course, it’s fine to be picky. But when you witness the process, you will find how difficult it is to make a perfect work by hand.

写这篇文字并不是想为手作建水紫陶瑕疵品做辩护,其实最不想出现瑕疵品的就是紫陶艺人。之前不时听到有人说谁谁谁多牛,把自己的瑕疵品全部砸掉了,于是大家对他都竖起大拇指,转而批评那些处理瑕疵品的工坊。

Writing this article is not to defend the defective products of Jianshui purple pottery. In fact, the artists who do not want to have defects are purple pottery artists. From time to time, I heard that some people said who was more cattle than others and smashed all their defective products. Therefore, everyone gave him a thumbs up and criticized the workshops dealing with the defective products.

其实并不是这些工坊不愿意砸掉瑕疵品,更多的时候是不能砸掉瑕疵品,也许砸掉了,他就倒闭了。确切地说,他们保留的是不影响正常使用的微瑕疵品,失去主要功能的废品是丢掉的。

In fact, it’s not that these workshops are unwilling to smash the defective products. More often than not, they can’t smash the defective products. Maybe if they do, they will go out of business. To be exact, what they keep is the defective products that do not affect the normal use, and the waste products that lose the main function are lost.

正确的做法是他们在处理这些微瑕疵品的时候,如实地向顾客说明了瑕疵在哪里,并不影响正常地使用,并且以低于合格品多得多的价格出售。

The correct way is that when they deal with these tiny defects, they can tell the customers where the defects are, which does not affect the normal use, and sell them at a price much lower than that of the qualified products.

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