制一个建水紫陶茶罐(一)揉泥、拉坯、晾坯

制一个建水紫陶茶罐(一)揉泥、拉坯、晾坯插图
揉泥:现在只有少部分的陶艺人自己镇浆制泥,而且制泥数量有限,大部分的艺人都是购买现成的泥料。目前建水有3家比较大的专门制泥的厂家。买回来的建水紫陶泥料呈橘黄色,在拉坯之前需要进行简单的揉练。

Kneading mud: at present, only a small number of potters make mud by themselves, and the quantity of clay making is limited. Most artists buy ready-made clay. At present, Jianshui has three large specialized mud manufacturers. The purple clay of Jianshui is orange, which needs simple kneading before casting.

制一个建水紫陶茶罐(一)揉泥、拉坯、晾坯插图1
拉坯:根据器型的大小,需要对泥料称重,既要确保拉出尺寸足够的陶坯,又要避免浪费泥料。拉坯时扶正很关键,每个人扶正的方法各有不同,共同点是双手紧贴双膝盖,保持稳定。直到泥团与轮盘呈同心圆转动才算扶正。

Casting: according to the size of the mold, it is necessary to weigh the mud. It is necessary to ensure that the ceramic body with sufficient size is pulled out, and the waste of mud is avoided. It is very important to straighten when casting. The method of straightening is different for each person. The common point is that both hands are close to the knees and keep stable. It is not until the mud ball and the disc rotate in concentric circles.

制一个建水紫陶茶罐(一)揉泥、拉坯、晾坯插图2

制一个建水紫陶茶罐(一)揉泥、拉坯、晾坯插图3

制一个建水紫陶茶罐(一)揉泥、拉坯、晾坯插图4

塑型:不同的器型需要不同的塑型技巧,并借助不同的工具。塑型要达到陶坯厚薄均匀,比例协调,线条过度自然,富有连贯性。在塑型的过程中要借助直尺测量,并不断调整陶坯的高低厚薄达到合适的尺寸。

Molding: different shapes require different molding techniques and tools. The molding should reach uniform thickness, harmonious proportion, natural lines and coherence. In the molding process, it is necessary to measure with the help of a ruler, and constantly adjust the height, thickness and thickness of the ceramic slab to reach the appropriate size.

制一个建水紫陶茶罐(一)揉泥、拉坯、晾坯插图5
茶罐盖子和身坯分开拉,并借助直尺调整到搭配的尺寸。很多时候一个身坯搭配一个盖子,不能混用,这种情况尤其体现于制壶上。

The lid of the tea pot is separated from the body and adjusted to the matching size with the help of a ruler. Most of the time, a body with a lid, can not be mixed, this situation is particularly reflected in the pot.

制一个建水紫陶茶罐(一)揉泥、拉坯、晾坯插图6

晾坯:拉好的陶坯放在阴凉处自然晾干,等待下一步的修坯。晾干时要注意避免暴晒、大风,否则陶坯在干燥和烧制时都容易开裂。

Drying: the finished ceramic body is placed in the shade to dry naturally, waiting for the next step of trimming. Attention should be paid to avoid exposure to the sun and strong wind when drying, otherwise the ceramic body is easy to crack during drying and firing.

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