如何评估一件紫陶作品的价值

我和朋友在一次聊天中谈到这个问题,也就是从那时候,我开始思考如何去评估一件建水紫陶作品的价值。直接点说,一件紫陶作品摆在眼前,它应该值多少钱才合适。

My friend and I talked about this problem in a chat. From then on, I began to think about how to evaluate the value of a piece of Jianshui purple pottery. To put it bluntly, how much should a piece of purple pottery cost before you.

作为商品角色的建水紫陶,价格和其他产品一样,是一个严肃而敏感的问题,需要慎重思考对待。因为价格直接关系着消费者和生产者的交易,关系着一件商品的流通;往大了说,价格关系着一个行业产品的流通,资金的周转,从而影响整个行业的发展。

As a commodity, the price of Jianshui purple pottery, like other products, is a serious and sensitive issue, which needs careful consideration. Because the price is directly related to the transaction between consumers and producers, and the circulation of a commodity; to a large extent, the price is related to the circulation of products and capital of an industry, thus affecting the development of the whole industry.

正常情况应该是:大部分作品,应该从实际成本和实用价值的角度来评估价值;少部分的作品要从个人代表作、行业首创及行业代表作的角度来评估价值;极少部分的作品甚至可以忽略成本,从艺术创作的角度来评估价值。

The normal situation should be: most works should be evaluated from the perspective of actual cost and practical value; a small number of works should be evaluated from the perspective of personal representative works, industry initiative and industry representative works; a few works can even ignore the cost and evaluate the value from the perspective of artistic creation.

如何评估一件紫陶作品的价值插图

目前的建水紫陶,无论从作品数量还是消费者人群构成来看,首先考虑实用价值的占绝对多数。大部分厂家、工坊在产品构成方面,首先会考虑消费者的承受范围,而这部分的产品就占了多数。这部分产品着重突出建水紫陶的实用价值,在外部装饰上没有耗费太多精力。作为消费者,大部分购买建水紫陶,首先考虑的也是价格因素;只要这件作品没有硬伤,那么价格合适他们就会买单,对于装饰的要求是低于前两个因素的。

At present, Jianshui purple pottery, no matter from the number of works or the composition of consumer groups, the absolute majority of which consider practical value first. In terms of product composition, most manufacturers and workshops will first consider the scope of consumers’ tolerance, and this part of the product accounts for the majority. This part of the product highlights the practical value of Jianshui purple pottery, and does not spend too much energy on external decoration. As consumers, most of the purchase of Jianshui purple pottery, the first consideration is also the price factor; as long as the work has no hard injury, then the price is appropriate, they will pay, and the requirements for decoration are lower than the first two factors.

我在之前的一篇文章里写过,同一位作者的作品也是要分档次的。同一批东西出来,有好的、有次一些的、有微瑕疵的、有作废的,这些作品会被分出一二三等,评估成不同的价值。另外一种情况是,作者往往会多做一般的市场通货,同时也会花较长的时间和较多的心力去潜心创作几件代表自己工艺和艺术水准的作品,作为他们的代表作。这几件作品要么拿去评奖,要么作为自己的标杆作品,它们与一般的通货价值差异较大。

I wrote in an earlier article that the works of the same author should be graded. If the same batch of things comes out, some are good, some are inferior, some are slightly defective and some are invalid. These works will be classified into one, two or three grades and evaluated as different values. On the other hand, the author tends to do more general market currency, and at the same time, he will spend more time and effort to create several works representing his own craft and artistic level as their representative works. These works are either awarded or used as their own benchmark works. They are quite different from the general currency value.

如何评估一件紫陶作品的价值插图1

建水紫陶是一门匠活,有复杂的工艺,在快速发展的过程中不断有新人和外来文化的加入融合,也就不断有工艺上的创新。某种工艺上的首创人,其作品价值也不能单纯从成本的角度来评估;他们前无古人,推动了整个建水紫陶行业的发展,提高了建水紫陶的文化内涵(比如彩填、微雕等等创新工艺),虽后有来者,也有可能青出于蓝,但是却永远无法取代首创人的价值,他们是某种创新工艺的符号型人物。

Jianshui purple pottery is a craftsmanship, with a complex process. In the process of rapid development, new people and foreign culture are constantly added and integrated, which leads to continuous technological innovation. The value of the work of the founders of a certain craft can not be evaluated simply from the perspective of cost; they are unprecedented, promoting the development of the whole Jianshui purple pottery industry and improving the cultural connotation of Jianshui purple pottery (such as color filling, micro carving and other innovative techniques). Although there are later comers, they can never replace the value of the founders. They are a kind of The symbolic character of innovative technology.

还有一类作者的作品不能单纯从成本的角度来评估价值,他们是建水紫陶行业永远绕不开的人。他们有的著书立说,往来奔走于全国各地,对于建水紫陶的宣传推广功不可没;他们有的发起成立了建水紫陶的行业性发展组织,并在其中担任主要管理职务,推动着、规范着建水紫陶的发展;他们有的为建水紫陶有更好的软硬件环境奔走,完善着整个行业发展的基础设施;他们有的积极组织并参与各种建水紫陶活动,一步一步将建水紫陶文化推广给更多的人;他们有的……

There is also a kind of author’s works that can not be evaluated from the perspective of cost. They are the people who can never get around the purple pottery industry in Jianshui. Some of them wrote books, traveled around the country, and contributed a lot to the publicity and promotion of Jianshui purple pottery; some of them initiated the establishment of Jianshui purple pottery industry development organizations, and served as the main management positions, promoting and standardizing the development of Jianshui purple pottery; some of them had better software and hardware environment for Jianshui purple pottery, improving the development of the whole industry Some of them actively organize and participate in various activities of Jianshui purple pottery, and gradually promote the culture of Jianshui purple pottery to more people; some of them

建水紫陶的所有参与者,尤其是生产一方的厂家、工坊、个人工作室以及各地的销售点,都或多或少受益于这部分人;没有国,哪有家;没有这部分人推动着行业的大发展,一个小工坊哪里有生存之地。

All the participants of Jianshui purple pottery, especially the manufacturers, workshops, personal workshops and sales outlets in various places, have more or less benefited from these people. If there is no country, there is no home. If there is no such people, there is no place for a small workshop to survive.

如何评估一件紫陶作品的价值插图2

最后一类作者艺术修养深厚,他们或者是科班出身,接受过专门的艺术培养;他们或者靠着一份坚持,在自己的艺术领域占有一席之地。这类作者的作品堪为艺术品,甚至可以忽略成本,主要从艺术创作和思想表达的角度来评估价值。很多时候没有什么标准,没有什么定数,有时仅仅是因为某位陶友单纯的喜欢某件作品,它的交易价格可能动辄数千上万。

The last group of writers have profound artistic accomplishment. They are either from professional background and have received special artistic training; or they have a place in their own art field by relying on their persistence. The value of art can even be ignored from the perspective of the author’s artistic creation. Most of the time, there is no standard, there is no fixed number, sometimes just because a Taoyou simply like a work, its transaction price may be tens of thousands of thousands.

大部分的作品从成本和实用性出发去评估价值,这个行业才不会形成泡沫,才能扎实稳步的发展;少部分的作品从上述其他几个角度去评估价值,才会对整个行业起到引领作用;既有艺术文化的标杆、又有普通爱好者可以消费的通货,整个行业才可以健康发展。

Most of the works from the cost and practicality to assess the value, the industry will not form a bubble, in order to solid and steady development; a small number of works from the above several other angles to assess the value, will play a leading role in the whole industry; both art and culture benchmarking, and ordinary lovers can consume currency, the whole industry can develop healthily.

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