买建水紫陶壶要注意哪些细节?

买建水紫陶壶要注意哪些细节?插图
图:前陶聚作品

在建水紫陶里,有一些并不出名的作者和工作室的茶壶其实做得非常不错。仔细观摩他们的作品,你会发现他们在细节处处理得很细心也很有耐心,将他们的作品与那些制作粗糙的放在一起,谁好谁坏,立见分晓。

In Jianshui purple pottery, there are some unknown authors and studio teapots, which are actually very good. If you take a close look at their works, you will find that they are very careful and patient in dealing with the details. If you put their works together with those rough ones, you can see who is good and who is bad.

抛开作者和艺术性不谈,如果将每一把紫陶壶都作为一件产品来考量,其做工的细致好坏主要体现在以下几个细节之处。其实名家大师的作品和宣扬艺术性的作品,也必须先过了基本的做工质量这一关,才能去谈论别的。

Regardless of the author and artistry, if each purple pottery pot is considered as a product, the quality of its workmanship is mainly reflected in the following details. In fact, the works of famous masters and works of art promotion must pass the basic quality of workmanship before they can talk about anything else.

买建水紫陶壶要注意哪些细节?插图1

细节一:出水孔

Detail 1: water outlet

出水孔由外往内钻,制成之后我们只能从壶内观察。一般出水孔都是呈对称形状分布,四边形、六边形、八边形,甚至接近圆形。壶坯多为弧面,钻出水孔时要求每一个孔都垂直钻入,距离分布均匀,才能做出对称形状。有些茶壶出水孔形状不对称,孔间距离不均匀,一是看上去难看,二是影响出水效果。

The water hole is drilled from the outside to the inside. After being made, we can only observe from the inside of the pot. Generally, the water outlet is symmetrical, quadrilateral, hexagon, octagon, and even close to the circle. When drilling water holes, each hole should be drilled vertically and the distance should be evenly distributed to make a symmetrical shape. In some teapots, the shape of the water outlet is asymmetric and the distance between the holes is uneven. One is that it looks ugly, and the other is that it affects the water outlet effect.

细节二:透气孔

Detail 2: air hole

多数透气孔位于壶钮正上方,制作难度并不大,但如石瓢壶等桥形壶钮,透气孔位于壶钮之下,且所处位置很难打理。很多做工粗糙的茶壶,这种透气孔周围只是做了简单的打理,有些烧成之后还会出现轻微的开裂。

Most of the air holes are located directly above the pot button, so it is not difficult to make it. However, for example, the bridge shaped pot button, such as the stone ladle pot, is located under the pot button, and the location is difficult to manage. Many of the teapots with rough workmanship are simply treated around the air holes, and some of them will crack slightly after firing.

细节三:粘接处

Detail 3: bonding

这里主要说一下壶嘴和壶把的粘接处,做得好的粘接,其效果就像是壶嘴和壶把从壶身抽拉而出,浑然一体,完全见不到粘接的痕迹。这里容易出现的问题是粘接处有轻微的凸起,或者烧成之后看见明显的粘接时抹泥的形状,或者是烧成之后出现轻微的开裂。

Here we mainly talk about the joint between the spout and the handle. If it is well bonded, the effect is like that the spout and the handle are pulled out from the body of the pot, and there is no trace of adhesion. The common problem here is that there is slight protrusion at the bonding part, or obvious plastering shape after firing, or slight cracking after firing.

买建水紫陶壶要注意哪些细节?插图2

细节四:壶盖的密实度

Detail 4: compactness of lid

建水紫陶收缩率大,因此比例处理不当,壶盖与壶口就不能紧密接合。密实度做得好的茶壶,盖上壶盖之后,既可以流畅的转动,又不会左右晃动。有些茶壶会出现轻微的晃动,即使不会影响气密性,但是给人的感觉就是不舒服。

The shrinkage rate of Jianshui purple pottery is large, so if the ratio is not properly handled, the lid and the mouth of the pot can not be closely connected. The teapot with good compactness can rotate smoothly without shaking left and right. Some teapots will shake slightly, even if it will not affect the air tightness, but it will give people the feeling of discomfort.

细节五:砂眼

Detail 5: trachoma

出现砂眼的原因,我想主要是以下几个:泥料中含有硬杂质,刚好位于壶的表面;泥料中有很少的空气没有排出,烧制时产生气泡;制作时匠人粗心,工具划伤。这些原因导致在打磨时会出现砂眼。

I think the main reasons for sand holes are as follows: the mud contains hard impurities, which are just located on the surface of the pot; there is little air in the mud that is not discharged, resulting in bubbles during firing; the craftsman is careless and the tools are scratched. These causes lead to sand holes during grinding.

细节六:书画装饰处凹凸不平

Detail 6: uneven decoration of calligraphy and painting

书画装饰处,人们的注意力集中在字画上,尤其是彩填,很容易隐藏瑕疵,并且不易被发现,我也遇到过这种情况。最好的办法是购买时用手触摸一下,检查是否有瑕疵。

Calligraphy and painting decoration, people’s attention is focused on the calligraphy and painting, especially color filling, it is easy to hide defects, and it is not easy to be found, I have also encountered this situation. The best way to buy is to touch it with your hand and check for defects.

细节七:打磨的均匀度

Detail 7: uniformity of grinding

这里的难度主要在不容易打磨的地方或容易损坏的地方,比如壶嘴壶把的粘接处,壶把的内侧,桥形壶钮的下方,壶嘴口等等。这些地方需要耐心,也要很小心。合格的作品全身打磨均匀,摸上去平整,颜色均匀,过度自然;不合格的则看见明显的打磨痕迹,有轻微的凸起或凹陷,给人感觉很不爽。

The difficulty here mainly lies in the places that are not easy to be polished or damaged, such as the joint of the spout and handle, the inside of the handle, the bottom of the bridge shaped pot button, the mouth of the spout, etc. These places need patience and care. The qualified works are polished evenly, flat to the touch, uniform in color, and excessively natural; those unqualified can see obvious grinding traces with slight bulges or depressions, which makes people feel uncomfortable.

以上七个细节都做好并不容易,但确实有人很耐心的去做出来,这样的作品,无论作者是谁,都值得拥有,价格高一些,也是理所当然。这样的作者,就算当下知道的人不多,但坚持这样一种精神,未来也必定为人所知。而名家的作品,更要先着眼于细节处,再去谈自己的个性与艺术。否则,无异于空中楼阁。

It’s not easy to do all the above seven details well, but some people are very patient to do it. No matter who the author is, it’s worth owning. It’s natural that the price is higher. Even if there are not many people who know about this kind of author at present, he will surely be known in the future if he adheres to such a spirit. The works of famous artists should first focus on the details, and then talk about their own personality and art. Otherwise, it would be a castle in the air.

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