In Taoism, the elders are the mainstay of the sect, and those with deep morality and high skill are the elders. In the sect, the status of the elders is second only to the leader of the sect, and some sect elders have more prestige than the leader. In the purple pottery of Jianshui, the craftsmanship of the elders is exquisite. If you have them, you will have the bottom of your heart. If you go to the stage, you can live the scene.
There are four elders in contemporary Jianshui purple pottery: Chen Shaokang, Tan Zhifan, Yuan Yingde and Ma Chenglin.
1、 Chen Shaokang, national intangible cultural heritage inheritor of Jianshui purple pottery
The 83 year old Chen Shaokang still insists on creating. When it comes to Jianshui purple pottery, you will first think of him. He is a person who can never get around Jianshui purple pottery.
At the age of 13, Chen Shaokang began to learn pottery with his father. From then on, he had a lifelong relationship with Jianshui purple pottery. Because of his father’s careful teaching and his hard work, he developed a solid foundation of hand-made pottery several years later. He was good at calligraphy and painting, good at carving and design, and was familiar with a complete set of production process of Jianshui purple pottery.
In Jianshui arts and crafts pottery factory as a technical deputy director, he made a certain innovation of Jianshui purple pottery. The design of purple, black, white and yellow pottery works has absorbed the essence of ancient and modern ceramic art and bronzes. When making, it first painted and carvings on ceramic billets, and then engrafted them into colorful paintings and seal cutting patterns with various colored pits. After firing, they were then polished with special technology to make the work clear and bright, reaching the realm of novelty and ancient beauty, and having a high appreciation and collection price. Value.
As the only national intangible cultural heritage inheritor of Jianshui purple pottery, Chen Shaokang has a lot of feelings about the artistic inheritance of Jianshui purple pottery. He thinks that Jianshui purple pottery art is an art which integrates pottery making, calligraphy, painting, etc., and its foundation is very important. Learners must start from a young age.
Therefore, Chen Shaokang’s two men and women under the knee, both inherited the purple pottery art when they were young. Chen Jun, the eldest son, is a member of the provincial Calligrapher Association, a member of the Provincial Artists Association and a craftsman in Yunnan Province. Chen Pei, the youngest son, opened a pottery factory. Her daughter is a good hand in the bonding technology between the mouth of purple pottery pot and the handle.
“The art of purple pottery can be passed down from generation to generation in our family, which is inseparable from the charm of the Millennium art of purple pottery and the thick atmosphere of Jianshui traditional culture,” he said.
2、 Tan Zhifan: a master of Xiang’s descendants
In 1973, at the age of 23, Tan Zhifan devoted himself to the ceramic industry of Jianshui arts and crafts. His teacher was Xiang Fugong, the son of Xiang Fengchun, an old artist well-known both in Yunnan and abroad.
Xiang Fugong (1919-1987) studied pottery with his father when he was young, engaged in casting, decoration, carving and other work. “Calligraphy, painting and decoration are the true biographies of famous masters such as his father and Wang Dingyi. They have accumulated the strong points of many people and created their own artistic style.
Over the past 30 years, Tan Zhifan has been absorbed in the exploration of Jianshui purple pottery arts and crafts, and has developed a very profound foundation. He has high attainments in the design, modeling, decoration, calligraphy and painting of Jianshui purple pottery. His calligraphy is good at grass. His paintings of plum, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum have their own style.
Tan Zhifan’s works, which are composed of exquisite ceramics, exquisite calligraphy and painting, and ingenious conception, show their deep calligraphy and painting art skills, and bring people a simple and mellow artistic enjoyment.
In the modeling, color and decoration, his works are elegant and simple, and his ink art is fragrant. He is famous at home and abroad for “classic works” and “the treasure of purple pottery”, and has become a famous inheritor of Jianshui arts and crafts pottery.
3、 Yuan Yingde: a gifted and intelligent purple pottery master
Yuan Yingde was born in Jianshui in 1948. At a very young age, he showed a natural understanding of Jianshui purple pottery.
At the age of 13, his family sent him to Jianshui pottery factory to learn how to make Jianshui purple pottery, and was passed on to Fugong.
After five years of apprenticeship, Yuan Yingde, at the age of 18, showed extraordinary talent in pottery making. Mud making, casting, carving, firing, all processes are omnipotent. Among them, casting is the most exquisite. Therefore, Yuan Yingde became the key talent of the pottery factory at that time.
Yuan Yingde has been with Jianshui purple pottery all his life. For decades, he has been committed to inheriting and continuing the traditional craft of Jianshui purple pottery. He has always insisted on firing with “traditional earthen kilns” with extremely low yield rate, pursuing the natural and occasional “kiln change” color, so as to show the unique charm of Jianshui purple pottery, especially other types of pottery.
Yuan Yingde’s works are simple and refined in shape, which retains the beauty of the traditional “Jianshui purple pottery” and the smooth and accessible spirit of his own personality. From a distance, the shape of its utensils changes harmoniously, just like a few Chinese ink and wash paintings, and a few strokes are full of momentum and charm.
The beauty of shape is the primary determinant of the value and charm of pottery. Yuan Yingde became famous for his unique skill and became a leader in the field of ceramics in Jianshui. The Magnolia vase made by him is one of the best in Jianshui pottery circles, and it is very difficult to cast. Up to now, only a few of them can make this bottle. The ancient vase is simple and elegant, and its shape is beautiful. Its works are loved by literati and private collectors.
No matter how the times change, Yuan Yingde is a firm inheritor of traditional crafts of Jianshui purple pottery. He said: “the pottery fired from the earthen kiln has different colors. The teapot burned out is two different from the teapot made with liquefied gas. The water made by the teapot from the old kiln is better than that of the teapot made by the old kiln.”
4、 Ma Chenglin Yinian devotes himself to making pottery
In 1986, a work designed by machenglin and made by chenshaokang, imitated bronze table lamp was collected by the Chinese Art Museum of Arts and crafts, and Ma Chenglin, 32, became famous at once!
People who know Ma Chenglin well know that he is a good smoker, a good wine and a good tea, and he is familiar with the way: “smoking makes me stop to rest and think about problems; wine can make me forget something and make myself excited; drinking tea is to enjoy life slowly and enjoy life. ”
Ma Chenglin entered the pottery factory when he was 20 years old. Before that, he had made iron; he could cook delicious food; he could design and make clothes; he could teach himself some medical skills and prescriptions; he knew some geomantic omen; he could recite poems and songs; he had taught books.
With this kind of studious spirit, after contacting with Jianshui purple pottery, he also became a person with comprehensive skills in ceramic art. He can do everything from mud selection to kiln firing to polishing. He has the largest number of kilns, including gas kilns, electric kilns and “earth firewood kilns” designed and manufactured by himself.
Ma Chenglin is obsessed with bronze culture, Qin and Han culture, ancient rock painting and national totem culture, which are reflected in his works.
In the decoration, Ma Chenglin adopts unique techniques, which can be described as a variety of themes, blending the ancient and refining the present. His works include leisurely tea tasting, singing and dancing, children’s playing, cattle farming and horse running, fishing complacency, old people’s self-cultivation, historical poetry, bird’s enjoyment, Eagle attacking the sky, fish swimming, landscape scenery, Chinese Zodiac celebrating the new year, etc.
As a traditional ceramic artist, Ma Chenglin’s vision is overall. Under the influence of traditional culture, he was born and brought up with profound cultural heritage, and could learn from western contemporary art. For him, making pottery is a happy and confident process, which is the release of inner feelings and the process of cultural narration. His heart is with Tao.
“I painted night after night on waste paper, and I spent day after day on the roulette.”
This is the true portrait of Ma Chenglin’s art road.
It’s not easy to explore in a field, but it’s a great feat for a person who is persistent and eventually cultivates himself as an elder. To regard Jianshui purple pottery as a lifelong career is to love Jianshui purple pottery deeply from his bones and blood. They are the “four contemporary elders” of Jianshui purple pottery. They seem to be plain all the way along the way, but how many dark surges and waves are smoothed by their spirit.
Across the thorns and swamps, they still keep the original heart, they have 500 years without a bit of wind and frost smile, they are the one hundred and eight thousand miles also have no end, but still travel.