建水陶独有的书画刻填装饰

比之其他陶瓷多在造型和种类上下功夫,建水陶将更多的精力放在了装饰上,因此叮咚猫不止一次听人抱怨建水陶的壶型,比之紫砂、坭兴陶,总之是比较丑的、比较怪的。

Compared with other ceramics, Jianshui pottery pays more attention to decoration. Therefore, dingdongmao has heard people complain about the shape of Jianshui pottery more than once. Compared with purple sand and nixing pottery, it is ugly and strange in short.

今天暂且不聊建水陶的壶型,我们还是来说说建水陶独有的书画刻填装饰吧。

Today, let’s not talk about the pot shape of Jianshui pottery. Let’s talk about the unique calligraphy and painting decoration of Jianshui pottery.

在陶上刻书法绘画,紫砂、坭兴陶都有,但是填书画,确是建水陶的独创。陶坯不比宣纸,可以直接写画之后装裱。一来陶坯往往是弧面,比之平整的纸张更难创作书画;二来建水陶独创湿坯刻填和无釉磨光,这两道工艺都对书画装饰有比较大的影响。

Calligraphy and painting are carved on pottery in Zisha and nixing pottery, but filling calligraphy and painting is the original creation of Jianshui pottery. Pottery is not like rice paper, can be directly painted after mounting. First, the pottery body is often curved surface, which is more difficult to create calligraphy and painting than flat paper; second, Jianshui pottery original creation of wet block filling and glaze free polishing, both of which have a greater impact on calligraphy and painting decoration.

建水陶的刻填必须先用墨或颜色写在陶坯上,再用刻刀刻,然后以白色陶土或红、黄、蓝等色泥填满晾干后入窑烧制,出窑后再磨光。要想装饰好一件建水陶,至少需要做好以下几点:

The carving of Jianshui pottery must first be written in ink or color on the ceramic body, then engraved with a carving knife, and then filled with white clay or red, yellow, blue mud and other colors to dry, and then fired in the kiln, and then polished after leaving the kiln. If you want to decorate a piece of Jianshui pottery, you need to do the following at least:

一是坯体厚薄适中,坯体太薄,容易刻穿孔或易变形;

One is that the thickness of the green body is moderate, and the green body is too thin, which is easy to pierce or deform;

二是书画家在弧面坯体上创作,难度大大增加;

Secondly, it is more difficult for calligraphers and painters to create on the curved surface;

三是刻工沿着书画的笔迹雕刻,不能破坏笔迹的神韵;

The third is that the engraver carves along the handwriting of the calligraphy and painting, and can’t destroy the charm of the handwriting;

四是填泥工填书画,同样要保持书画的神韵,传达书画家想表达的思想;尤其是彩填,对于色彩调制、搭配的要求很高;

The fourth is to keep the charm of painting and calligraphy, and to convey the ideas that calligraphers and painters want to express;

五是打磨,这最后一道工序也很是关键,据说很多好的作品前面都做得不错,但可惜被最后打磨这道工序给毁了;既要磨掉火皮,将书画完整的呈现出来,又要保证不能磨坏,尤其是壶嘴、壶把、壶盖,要小心打磨。

The last process is also very important. It is said that many good works are well done in front of them, but unfortunately they are destroyed by the final polishing process. It is necessary to grind off the fire skin and present the calligraphy and painting completely, and ensure that they can not be damaged, especially the spout, handle and cover of the pot.

如此制作出一件建水陶作品,如书画、雕刻、烧制、磨工均佳,则产品呈紫地镶白(彩)或黑地镶白(彩)的图文,明快爽朗,典雅秀丽。名家书画,经制陶艺人的雕刻,呈观自然班驳、浑朴古拙的金石韵味,给人以无限美的艺术享受,为其他名陶所不及。

In this way, a Jianshui pottery work, such as calligraphy and painting, carving, firing and grinding, is good. The product is bright, elegant and beautiful. Famous calligraphers and paintings, carved by ceramic artists, present a natural and rustic charm of gold and stone, giving people unlimited artistic enjoyment, which is beyond the scope of other famous ceramics.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 建水陶独有的书画刻填装饰

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