好的建水紫陶泥料是什么样的?

泥料是建水紫陶工艺的基础性工作,也是决定陶器质量的关键性的第一步。

Clay is the basic work of Jianshui purple pottery technology, and also the key first step to determine the quality of pottery.

好的建水紫陶泥料是什么样的?插图

大家都知道建水陶的陶土来自于碗窑村以西五公里的五彩山。五彩山分布有五种颜色的泥土,分别为红、黄、青、紫、白。这些彩泥土质细腻,呈胶泥状,富含油性,但这些泥土一旦离开山体就会受到风化的影响而变得坚硬如石。

We all know that the clay of the water building pottery comes from the five kilometers west of the bowl kiln village. There are five kinds of soil in five colors in wucai mountain, which are red, yellow, green, purple and white. The clay is fine, gelatinous and oily, but once it leaves the mountain, it will be affected by weathering and become hard as stone.

好的建水紫陶泥料是什么样的?插图1

需要说明的是并非所有的彩泥都是上好的陶土,建水陶的陶土都是以伴生矿的形式出现在山体之中,所以陶土的筛选需要老艺人的一双火眼金睛,只有那些颜色纯正自然,土质细腻,纯净无杂质的优质、纯正的彩泥,才能适应建水紫陶特殊的工艺流程,制作出精美绝伦的建水紫陶。

It should be noted that not all the colored clay is of high quality. The clay of Jianshui pottery appears in the form of associated minerals in the mountain. Therefore, the selection of clay needs the eyes of the old artists. Only those high-quality and pure colored mud with pure and natural color, fine soil, pure and no impurities, can adapt to the special process of Jianshui purple pottery and produce exquisite products Excellent purple pottery of Jianshui.

好的建水紫陶泥料是什么样的?插图2

先将筛选好的五彩陶土分颜色堆放风化晒干,然后敲碎成粉末状,以便于更好地溶于水,再经过筛,筛弃粗砂杂质后,按制陶的要求把不同的粉末原土进行配比,再放入缸内加水制成浆状。

Firstly, the selected multicolored clay is stacked in different colors, weathered and dried, and then crushed into powder form, so that it can be better dissolved in water. After screening, coarse sand impurities are removed, different powder original soil is mixed according to the requirements of pottery making, and then put into the tank and add water to make slurry.

经过搅拌淘洗,待含砂泥浆沉落缸底,便用勺盛取上面的漂浆倒入另一只缸内作再次淘洗,滤去砂质。如此反复五、六次之后,让已经是腻如膏脂,无丝毫砂粒的泥浆静置于封闭状态下自然凝干成泥。

After mixing and washing, when the sand mud is sunk at the bottom of the cylinder, the slurry above is filled with a spoon and poured into another cylinder for re washing, and the sand is filtered. After repeated 5 or 6 times, the mud which is already greasy as cream and no sand particles is put in the closed state and naturally coagulates to dry into mud.

好的建水紫陶泥料是什么样的?插图3

所以建水陶泥也简称漂浆泥(即泥比水轻)。每次制陶之前,工匠们都要很仔细地配制不同颜色的陶土,因为建水陶的色彩完全用天然泥料的颜色配制而成的,而不同颜色的陶土配制比例完全取决于工匠们的经验。

Therefore, Jianshui clay is also referred to as bleached mud. Before each pottery making, craftsmen must carefully prepare different colors of clay, because the color of Jianshui pottery is completely made of natural clay, and the proportion of different colors of clay depends on the experience of craftsmen.

好的建水紫陶泥料是什么样的?插图4

因每批泥土都处在山体不同的沉积带上,取泥高度的落差导致原泥的自然陈腐时间差非常大(山体的的形成和变化往往都是以万年之久)即使是每批次配方相同,但是最终烧成的颜色也是有所差别,这和宜兴和景德镇使用的配方泥是有所区别的,因为建水陶原泥里面元素的变化所以建水陶泥具有不稳定性和烧成的不可控性。

Because each batch of soil is located in different sedimentary zones of the mountain, the natural aging time of the original mud is very large due to the difference of the height of the mud taken (the formation and change of the mountain are often tens of thousands of years). Even if each batch of soil has the same formula, the final firing color is also different, which is different from the formula mud used in Yixing and Jingdezhen, because the original mud of Jianshui pottery is in the middle of the mud The change of surface elements makes Jianshui clay unstable and uncontrollable.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 好的建水紫陶泥料是什么样的?

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