建水紫陶方壶特点

陶壶作为一种工艺美术作品,以造型上分:有仿生器,几何形器既筋瓤器;几何形器又分为方、圆两种。此所谓“方非一式,圆非一相”。

Ceramic pot is a kind of art works, which is divided into two parts: bionic device, geometric shape device with inner rib and inner part, geometric shape device divided into square and circle. This is called “square is not in duplicate, circle is not one phase”.

建水紫陶方壶特点插图

古人常用“天圆地方”来解释世界。在各种器物造型中,均以方和圆为基本法则,方是与圆相对的美学范畴,方壶是以直线为实空间的界线的陶泥作品。它具有方正、刚毅、端庄、雄健、沉稳、敦实、豪放等特点,……备受收藏者喜爱。

The ancients used “round sky and place” to explain the world. Square and circle are the basic principles in the modeling of various utensils. Square is the aesthetic category opposite to the circle. Square pot is a clay work with straight line as the boundary of real space. It has the characteristics of being upright, resolute, dignified, vigorous, steady, solid and bold Loved by collectors.

方壶是以直线构成的,从线条给人的视觉效果来看,曲线使人委婉,流水线让人愉悦,弧线有条和之感,而直线让人感到挺俊、振发。方壶不论是四方、六方、八方或在此基础上略作变化的作品,她形成了多个从正面平视,几何形的平面,与同角度视赏圆壶出现“明暗”形成了对立,呈现圆壶所不具备的艺术观赏效果。

The square pot is made up of straight lines. From the visual effect of the lines, the curve is euphemistic, the assembly line is pleasant, the arc has a sense of harmony, and the straight line makes people feel handsome and exciting. No matter the square pot is square, hexagonal, octagonal or based on this, she has formed a number of horizontal, geometric planes from the front, which is in opposition to the “light and shade” of the round pot from the same angle, showing the artistic appreciation effect that the round pot does not have.

建水紫陶方壶特点插图1

即便是“方钟”“高韵”等上收下放(重心下移),下收上放(重心上移),从侧面看是一条弧线或曲线,但它在每一面的水平线所交的“海岸线”都是直线,这是区别于圆壶的最大特征,正如用方笔写成的楷书。与用环转和图笔写成的草书作品一样各臻其美。

Even if the “square bell” and “Gaoyun” move up and down (the center of gravity moves down), and the “center of gravity moves up and down” (the center of gravity moves up), it is an arc or curve from the side, but the “coastline” intersected by the horizontal line on each side is a straight line, which is the biggest feature different from the round pot, just like the regular script written with square pen. Like the cursive works written by circle and drawing brush, they have their own beauty.

艺术讲求和谐与完美,在创作过程中,决定了壶身的方形,其附件流把的,就必须也应该作到浑然一体,做到“和而不同,违而不犯”,在谐调中求变,于变化中求统一,起到丰富整体美的作用。

Art stresses harmony and perfection. In the process of creation, the square shape of the pot body is determined. Its accessories must and should be integrated into one, so as to achieve “harmony but not sameness, violation but not violation”, change in harmony and unity in change, thus enriching the overall beauty.

建水紫陶方壶特点插图2

方和圆是两个对立的欣赏范畴。但它们又是统一的,虚实相生的。

Fang and Yuan are two opposite appreciation categories. But they are unified, and the virtual and the real are mutually generated.

除了如“亚明四方”壶的特殊形体外,其他方壶的面的交切,结合处大都体现了“行方智圆”的特点,抒发着方中寓圆的哲学思想,这就丰富了方壶作品的线条质感,“横看成林侧成峰”使作品更加耐人寻味,而更如“方钟”,“将军”壶之类作品,如果将其曲线视为一个圆的弧,那在壶外构成的是几个较大的圆,四方石瓢的四条线的同高四点,也正是一个圆的内接正方形的顶点,而我们去创作中“计白当黑”,其实是“虚实互存”。

In addition to the special shape of the “Yaming Sifang” pot, the intersection of other square pots mostly reflects the characteristics of “wisdom and wisdom” and expresses the philosophy of “putting the circle in the square”. This enriches the line texture of the square pot works. “Looking at the forest horizontally and forming the peak on the side” makes the work more intriguing. For example, “square bell” and “general” pot, if their curves are changed As a circular arc, it is composed of several larger circles outside the pot. The four points of the same height of the four lines of the four square ladybird are also the top points of a circle which is connected with the top of the square. However, when we go to the creation of “white when black”, it is actually “the coexistence of the virtual and the real”.

建水紫陶方壶特点插图3

除此以外,泥料上的遴选,必须以天然优质泥为材料,使所制之器老而不枯,娇而不艳,新而不嫩,红而不菲,混而不笨,一把方壶放之案头,她“满腹经纶伴客,一颗热心对友”,“莫道浑不艳丽,年长肌肤愈秀”,久而久之仿佛一位饱经风霜、学富五车的高士,可与你“相伴对语”了。

In addition, the selection of clay materials must be based on natural high-quality mud to make the utensils old but not withered, delicate but not gorgeous, new but not tender, red and not cheap, mixed but not stupid. On the desk of a square pot, she is “full of experience and friends, warm to friends”, “don’t be ruddy, old skin is more beautiful”, as time goes on, she seems to be a learned and experienced scholar I’ll be with you.

未经允许不得转载:饮茶乎 » 建水紫陶方壶特点

赞 (0)